As Americans looked forward to the Moscow summit last week with hopes for a new agreement limiting nuclear armament, the Communist Party newspaper Pravda indicated that the Soviet Union expected little more than an improvement in mutual trading.
GV Factory under construction east of Moscow
GV INT. and GTV PAN factory in operation and production lien (2 shots)
CU Signs of US firms (2 shots)
GV PAN OUT TO box being unloaded at docks
GV Building ZOOM INT sign US Commercial office in Moscow
SV Int. office and people at work (2 shots)
SV Businessmen n conference with Soviet Minister
SV Minister of Foreign Trade speaking as businessman listen (3 shots)
GV Machine tool showroom ZOOM INTO US flag
GV INT. of showroom
SV American manufacturers sign PAN DOWN TO machine tool head
SV Machinery on display and manufacturers' sign SOOM OUT TO SV (2 shots)
CU Russian sign ZOOM DOWN TO visitors at showroom
CU Communist party sign ZOOM OUT TO GV
GV Russian manufacturers cars on display
SV Russian export sign on car
SV Man operating machine at display
SV Machinery in operation PAN UP TO revolving head
Initials OS/1741 OS/1750
REPORTER: JOHN DANCY
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: As Americans looked forward to the Moscow summit last week with hopes for a new agreement limiting nuclear armament, the Communist Party newspaper Pravda indicated that the Soviet Union expected little more than an improvement in mutual trading. The article, published on Wednesday (26th June) called for trade between the Soviet Union and the United States to be established on a stable and permanent basis. But it emphasised that full-scale expansion would be possible only if relations were fully normalised.
For some time, the Soviet Union has been using American technology in its industry. An example of the sort of cooperation the Soviet Union is anxious to foster is the huge plant 500 miles (800 kms) from Moscow which will start turning out trucks later this year. It has been built with machines and know-how provided by 68 American firms.
Earlier this year a new US commercial office was opened in Moscow. It is designed to provide technical information and assistance to American businessmen who believe they have something to sell to the Soviets. About the same time a Soviet delegation, headed by Nikolai Patolichev, the high-ranking Minister of Foreign Trade, came to the United States to meet businessmen and invite them to visit the Soviet Union with proposals for projects there.
With detents the official policy of both the United States and the Soviet Union for two years, now, President Nixon is anxious to prove to his countrymen that it means more than lucrative trade for the Soviet Union.
A transcript of the commentary provided with this film can be found overleaf.
SYNOPSIS: Sometimes later this year, the first truck will roll off the assembly line at this huge new plant now nearing completion on the Kama River, five hundred miles est of Moscow. The plant was built with machines and know-how provided by sixty-eight American firms. As such, it is the largest and most obvious example of the sort of cooperation the Russians are seeking from the United States.
Little by little, American technology is finding its way into Soviet industry. At this point, trade is the most visible success of the policy of detente. A new American commercial office was opened in Moscow this Spring. It's designed to provide technical information and assistance to American businessmen who believe they have something to sell to the Russians. There is no question that the Soviets want American technology. This Spring a soviet delegation, headed by Nikolai Patolichev, the high-ranking Minister of Foreign Trade, stumped the United States meeting with businessmen and asking them to come to the Soviet Union with proposals. This American machine tool show staged in Moscow this Spring signed up sixteen million dollars Soviet orders. The Russians frankly admire American technology, and they want to buy as much of it as possible to update their own plants, which are in danger of becoming outmoded. But in many cases the Soviets are interested in buying only one machine or one plant to find out how it works while American businessmen dream of opening up vast new markets. Earlier this year, the Soviets staged and elaborate trade show in Dusealdorf, West Germany. There is not mistaking the Russians' desire to do business with the West. But there is a lingering doubt among some critics that that is all the Soviets want from detente...trade and cheap credit.