The African group in the United Nations Security Council decided on Tuesday (31 January) not to put to the vote their resolution demanding a ban on investments in South Africa.
INTERIOR GV Security Council Chamber: (SOF begins at 1 ft/.32 metres/2 seconds)
MV African National Congress representative, Mfananfuthi Makatini speaking. (3 shots)
GV U.N. Security Council
MV Pan-Africanist Congress representative, David Sibeko speaking.
TRANSCRIPT: SEQ. 2: MAKATINI: "So far, we have no evidence that the Western powers have abandoned their traditional position of vetoing such resolutions, and leaving some of us wondering if this is not a systematic defence of the apartheid system, which has now become the integral part of international imperialism. Paradoxical as this may sound, we have taken the position of welcoming this veto, because the veto helps to clarify the position by unmasking the false friends, and identifying the enemy of the African cause."
SEQ. 4: SIBEKO: "Mr. President, we are calling for immediate imposition of total economic sanctions under Chapter 7 of the United Nations Charter against the South African apartheid regime. Those who do not agree that the Azanian people, and their national liberation movement, must use revolutionary violence to liquidate reactionary violence -- apartheid, colonialism -- much as they agree with the justness of our cause, as they say, cannot be allowed to hide behind high-sounding condemnations or impotent embargo. To refuse to use the one non-violent tactic, economic sanctions, that can have the greatest effect in supporting our just struggle, is to open yourselves to the legitimate charge of hypocrisy and double-talk."
Meeting next week with South African representatives will be the Foreign Ministers from the United States, Britain, France, West Germany and Canada, plus other western members of the U.N. Security Council. The Mauritius Ambassador Radha Krishna spoke in the council on Tuesday for Mauritius, Nigeria and Gabon, the sponsors of two resolutions tabled on Monday (30 January). These called for prohibiting foreign investment in and loans to South Africa; strong condemnation of South African policy; and for South Africa to abandon its apartheid policy of racial separation. Mr. Krishna said if nothing of value emerged from current high-level negotiations, which he described as 'manoeuvres' and 'exercises', the African states would revive their demands.
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Background: The African group in the United Nations Security Council decided on Tuesday (31 January) not to put to the vote their resolution demanding a ban on investments in South Africa. The sponsors of the resolution agreed to await the outcome of talks next week between South Africa and Foreign Ministers from five Western nations. Western sources at the United nations said that, if the resolutions had been pressed to the vote, the United States, Britain and France were ready to use their veto powers. A representative of the African National Congress, Mr. Mfananfuthi Makatini, suggested the Western veto could be a 'systematic defence of the apartheid system'. A representative of the Pan-Africanist Congress, Mr. David Sibeko, said any refusal to use economic sanctions against South Africa would be 'hypocrisy'.