Today (On Monday) the 26th congress of the Soviet Communist Party got underway in Moscow.
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Background: Today (On Monday) the 26th congress of the Soviet Communist Party got underway in Moscow. General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev gave the Central Committee's report. In the first part of the report General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev noted that the period since the 25th party congress has been marked by an intensive struggle of two lines in world affairs: the line of bridling the arms race, strengthening peace and the relaxation of international tensions and defending the sovereign rights and freedom of nations, on the one hand, and on the other, the line of disrupting detente, escalating the arms race, of threats and interference in other countries' affairs, and of suppressing the liberation struggle.
These years, said Leonid Brezhnev, have seen a further growth of the power, activity and prestige of the Soviet Union and the other countries of the socialist community. A fundamental unity of views has taken root among us on all major aspects of social and economic development, and international affairs.
This period has seen the influential and fruitful role of the Warsaw Treaty nations in European affairs and for that matter, on world affairs as a whole. The Warsaw Treaty was aimed its initiatives at defending efforts to ease tensions, to give these efforts an energetic rhythm or the defensive political and militar alliance of the socialist countries said Leonid Brezhnev, has all that is necessary to reliably defend the achievements of socialism.
The report said that of late socialist countries countries are having to deal with their constructive tasks in more complicated conditions. The West is using a whole system of methods designed to undermine or soften up the socialist world.
This is what has happened in Poland, where opponents of socialism supported by outside forces are, by stirring up anarchy, seeking to channel events into a counter-revolutionary course. Leonid Brezhnev said that last December's meeting of leaders of the Warsaw Treaty countries in Moscow has rendered Poland important political support. It showed clearly that the Polish Communists, the Polish working class, and the working people of that country can firmly rely on their friends and allies. We will not abandon fraternal socialist Poland in its hour need, said Leonid Brezhnev. We will stick up for it.
Later General Secretary Brezhnev talked about China. The Soviet Communist Party leader stressed that the Soviet Union has never sought and is not seeking confrontation with the People's Republic of China.
We would like build our ties with that country on a good-neighbour basis. Our proposals for normalizing relations with China remain open.
Leonid Brezhnev said that among the important results of the party's international activity in the period under review is the visible expansion of cooperation with countries that have liberated themselves from colonial oppression. The Soviet Union is against the export of revolution, but it cannot agree to any export of counter-revolution either.
Leonid Brezhnev said that the imperialists launched a real undeclared war against the Afghan revolution creating a direct threat to the security of the USSR's southern border. Under the circumstances, the Soviet Union was compelled to render the military aid asked for by that friendly country. As for the Soviet military contingent, the Soviet Union will be prepared to withdraw it with agreement. Before this is done, the infiltration of counter-revolutionary gangs into Afghanistan must be completely stopped. Dependable guarantees are required that there will be no new intervention.
The Soviet Union is prepared to develop with Iran good relations on the basis of equality and reciprocity.
The Soviet leader come out for an early end to the Iran-Iraq war. The Soviet Union is striving to facilitate a political settlement of the conflict.
In this remarks about the Middle East Leonid Brezhnev said that a solution to the problem had been delayed because the United States in a bid for dominance in the region, has taken the path of the Camp David policy, dividing the Arab world and organizing a separate deal between Israel and Egypt. The Soviet leader called for going back to an honest collective search for a comprehensive just and realistic settlement.
Leonid Brezhnev went on to say that the non-aligned movement has been and remains an important factor in international relations. The movement's strength stems from its orientation against imperialism and colonialism, and against war and aggression.
Leonid Brezhnev spoke than about the Soviet Union's relations with capitalist countries. He noted that this country bases these relations on the Leninist principles of peaceful coexistence.
Leonid Brezhnev noted that in relations with the United States we have all these years followed a principled and constructive line. It is only to be regretted that the former administration in Washington, trying to exert pressure on us, set to destroying to possive elements that had been achieved in these relations. Also since the change of leadership in the White House, candidly bellicose calls and statements have resounded from Washington, We would like to hope that those who shaped United States policy today will ultimately manage to see... things in a more realistic light. The military and strategic equilibrium prevailing between the USSR and the USA, between the Warsaw Treaty and NATO, is objectively a safeguard of would peace. We have not sought, and do not now seek, military superiority to the other side. That is not our policy. But neither will we allow to build up such superiority to us. Attempt of that kind, and talking to us from positions of strength, are absolutely futile, stressed Leonid Brezhnev. He declared the USSR wants normal relations with the USA.
The Soviet Union proposes to substantially extend the zone of confidence-building measures, carried out now by European countries in the military field by decision of the All European conference. We are ready, said Leonid Brezhnev, to apply such measures to the entire European part of the USSR, provided the Western states, too extend the confidence zone accordingly.
The Soviet Union would be prepared to hold concrete negotiations on confidence-building measures in the Far East with all interested countries.
The third proposal deals with the Middle East. The Soviet Union is prepared to negotiate the Persian Gulf as an independent problem. It is also prepared to participate in a separate settlements of the situation around Afghanistan. But we do not object to the question connected with Afghanistan being discuss together with the question of the Persian Gulf security, said Leonid Brezhnev, Naturally, this applies only to the international aspects of the Afghan problem. Afghanistan's sovereignty, like its non-aligned status must be fully protected.
Once again, the Soviet Union insistently calls for restraint in the field of strategic armaments and for their reduction. It is prepared to continue the relevant negotiations with the United States without delay, preserving all the positive elements that have been so far achieved in this area. All the other nuclear powers should join these negotiations at the appropriate time.
In development of this proposal, the Soviet Union is prepared to come to terms on limiting the deployment of new sumbarines-the Ohio type by the USA, and similar ones by the USSR. We could also agree to banning modernization of existing and development of new ballistic missiles for these submarines.
Further, the USSR suggests coming to terms that already now a maratorium should be set on the deployment in Europe of new medium-range nuclear-missile weapons of the NATO countries and the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union believes it would be useful to call a special session of the Security Council with participation of the top leaders of its member-state in order to look for keys to improving the international situation, and preventing war. If they so wish, leaders of other states could also take part in the session.
In sun, the new measures we are proposing, said Leonid Brezhnev, embrace a wide range of issues. All of them pursue a single aim-to preserve would peace.
When thunderclouds gathered on the international horizon by beginning of the eighties, the soviet union continued to persevere in efforts to remove the threat of war and to preserve and deepen detente, and acted to expand mutually beneficial cooperation with most countries of the world.
jointly with other peace-loving countries and with realistic circles in west we continued the struggle against the arms race throughout the period under review.
if you ask any Soviet persor--whether a member of the communist party or not what has highlighted our party's path in recent years, the answer will be: it was highligthed above all by the fact that we are managing to preserve peace, and for this people of different as and occupation give their thanks to the party from bottom of their hearts.
this, indeed is the spirit in which our relations are shaping with other countries of the socialist community -- bulgaria, hungary, vietnam, the german democratic republic, cuba, laos, mongolia, poland, romania, and czechoslovakia.
a fundamental unity of views has taken root among us on all major aspects of social and economic development, and international affairs. this is a result of the continuous cooperation of our fraternal communist parties and our common achievement.
it is very important that deep mutual understanding, trust, and accord prevail between the leaders of our parties.
there have been thirty-seven friend meetings at summit level in the crimea during these five years, discarding the formalities of protocol, in a friendly atmosphere, we discussed the prospects of our relations and the key problems of world politics and charted our future tasks.