INTRODUCTION: The Spanish government has won approval for its main foreign policy initiative -- joining NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation).
MADRID, 1981: GV People dancing at Communist festival PAN UP TO anti-NATO poster
SV PULL BACK TO GV Crowd at anti-NATO rally and signing petition (3 shots)
GV Santiago Carrillo and Dolores Ibarurri seated on rostrum as crowd applauds (3 shots)
SV Carrillo addressing crowds
SV Crowd applauds as Ibarurri speaks -- GV crowd applauds
TORREJON, 1981: TV Demonstrators marching on US base
LV Approach to US air base -- SV sign "Military Zone -- keep out" -- LV air base runway
ALBACETE, 1981: Spanish air base -- SV Pilot leaves room as siren goes and boards Mirage jet
GV Mirage down runway for take-off
GV Building marked "Albacete" -- SVs jet engine being tested -- radar screen being operated (3 shots)
NEAR MADRID, NOV. 1981: GVs New army recruits marching with flags past saluting base (3 shots)
AERIAL VIEW GIBRALTAR: (2 shots)
AERIAL VIEW British navy ships in harbour (2 shots)
MADRID, February 1981: GVs Debating chamber of spanish parliament and shouting as soldiers enter followed by gunfire and parliamentarians dive for cover (3 shots)
SV Socialist leader Gonzalez speaking to anti-NATO rally -- GV crowd singing the "Internationale" -- CV crowds of demonstrators march down street (3 shots)
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Background: INTRODUCTION: The Spanish government has won approval for its main foreign policy initiative -- joining NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation). The Senate, Spain's Upper House of Parliament, authorised the government's proposals for early membership by a 46-vote majority on Thursday (26 November). It had already rejected the Socialist Party's request for a referendum on the issue. The nation's ruling Centrist Party overcame the main domestic obstacle when the Lower House of the Cortes voted for entry in October. Spain is expected to be invited to join NATO when the organisation's foreign ministers meet in Brussels on December 10 and 11. it could officially became a member next spring. Left-wing opponents of NATO have been fighting a losing battle trying to prevent the country from entering the Western alliance.
SYNOPSIS: A recent Communist festival in Madrid was also a protest against Spain joining NATO. The main force behind the anti-NATO campaign has been provided by the Communists. Petitions were signed as part of a combined left-wing drive for a referendum. Both Socialist and Communist parties feel that entering the alliance would upset the East-West military balance at a time of high world tension.
On the platform at this rally was the legendary Dolores Ibarurri, known to Communists throughout the world as "La Passionaria", and a champion of the party's cause for more than 60 years.
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Communist leader Santiago Carrillo and the Socialist wanted the issue of NATO entry put to the spanish people in the referendum. They didn't feel the government had a mandate to take the county into the alliance. But Prime Minister Calvo Sotelo insisted that the question be decided by parliament.
The left-wing has also been protesting against the american presence in Spain. A 28-year-old treaty gives the U.S. Air Force and navy the use of Spanish-owned bases. Socialist leader Felipe Gonzalez fears the Americans are pressing for the right to use the bases for operations in the Middle East.
The addition to NATO of Spanish armed forces is seen as a valuable boost by the 15-nation alliance. Here at Albacete air base, a practice scramble by Air force pilots and their advanced Mirage jets was carried out at lighting speed.
Technical skills are kept at a high level in Spain's modern air force. And many widely dispersed airfields make the country an excellent landing platform for possible air lifts coming across the Atlantic and continuing eastwards.
Near Madrid, army recruits take part in the traditional ceremony of swearing allegiance to the spanish flag. National service is a still compulsory in spain and the trainees serve for 18 months. The nation has a highly trained army of over a quarter of a million men. Some of them could eventually be sent to Gibraltar -- the scene of one of Europe's oldest diplomatic quarrels.
Gibraltar was capture from Spain by Britain in 1704 and it's long been a point of issue between the two nations. The British government has pledge not to hand over sovereignty to spain against the wishes of its 30,000 inhabitants. But after joining NATO, spain hopes for at least joint control of the Gibraltar military base.
In February, civil guards invaded the Spanish parliament and held the country's leaders hostage for 18 hours.
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After the attempted coup the pro-NATO advocates had another reason for wanting to join the alliance. They said the army would then have less time for internal politics, having to concentrate on defending Spain. During his campaign, Felipe Gonzalez threatened that if Spain entered NATO by a parliamentary majority, a Socialist government could one day take it out again in the same way.
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In its agreement to apply for NATO membership, the Senate confirmed there would be, as stipulated, no nuclear weapons on Spanish soil. The approved text however allows spain to change this policy in the future.