• Short Summary

    The political violence in Turkey, which has led to the imposition of martial law, claimed the life on Thursday (February 1) of the editor-in-chief of one of the country's most influential newspapers.

  • Description

    MCU Turkish Prime Minister, Bulent Ecevit, Ecevit PAN TO military leaders seated at table; MS PAN FROM Ecevit answering telephone TO leaders seated at table (2 shots)

    KAHRAMANMARAS 1978: GV Smoke rising from building; SV Troops patrolling street; SV Civilian walking in street; SCU Soldier searching two men; MV elderly woman being carried on man's back (5 shots)

    ISTANBUL 1978: GV Street market; CU woman counting money PULL OUT TO SV market; SV Market stall with woman inspecting material (3 shots)

    GV Mosque PAN TO sheep in field; MCU sheep; MCU shepherd; GV sheep with shepherd in foreground (4 shots)

    SV PAN FROM Children TO farm buildings; MCU chickens; MCU boy holding bread loaves; CU cattle; SV man chopping wood PULL INTO CU chopping block (5 shots)

    CU PULL OUT TO GV three men tempering metal pipe with blowtorch; SV men working on ship's hull PULL OUT TO SV ship; CU ship's name PAN DOWN TO GV ship ZOOM IN TO SV men working on hull; GV man welding on ship's hull; MCU ZOOM INTO CU man welding on ship's hull; SV ship's propeller TILT DOWN TO man welding; CU man welding; GV PULL OUT LS ships in dry dock (8 shots)

    AVs Petrochemical complex (2 shots)

    Initials HSS/

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: The political violence in Turkey, which has led to the imposition of martial law, claimed the life on Thursday (February 1) of the editor-in-chief of one of the country's most influential newspapers.

    SYNOPSIS: For Prime Minister, Bulent Ecevit, his first year back in office has been overshadowed by similar acts of violence. Over eight hundred died last year, and now most of the country's major cities are under martial law, imposed at the end of December.

    In the South Eastern town of Kahramanmaras, over a hundred people were reported killed in the December riots. Troops were called in to stem further violence. Political parties in Turkey do not agree on the causes of the violence. But Mr Ecevit's Social Democrat government, along with most observers, believe that legitimate political groups have been behind much of the rightist-inspired violence.

    Whatever the causes, the violence has pushed into the background the fact that Turkey is in it's worst-ever economic crisis. The biggest problem is inflation. Last year it rose to forty-two per cent. And prices are still rising at about five per cent a month.

    Sixty per cent of the country's forty-three million people live in rural areas. Agriculture is still the main economic activity, but there has been large-scale and unplanned migration to cities, where average wages are four times higher. Since 1950 the population of the cities has grown five-fold. A December report by the Organisation of Economic Co-Operation and Development says creating more employment and higher incomes through improved agricultural efficiency would be one way of slowing the rural migration. This, in turn, says the report, would make possible more rapid industrialisation in the poorer provinces.

    Over one fifth of Turkey's sixteen million workers are unemployed. Factories are working at half capacity. Last year the country's development rate fell to below four per cent. For fifteen years it had stood at around seven per cent - - one of the highest in the world. But the world recession - - making oil and imported goods more expensive - - severely affected Turkey's balance of payments. In the next few months though, Turkey looks set to receive financial aid from the OECD, with the backing of Western leaders. The December OECD survey says Turkey has a great potential for expansion - - though it will need to be helped out of the current crisis by its trade partners. It seems likely that in exchange for financial emergency-aid, Turkey may be forced to bow to demands for a new austerity programme.

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