• Short Summary

    Diagnosis is no simple matter, especially where a heart operation is concerned.

    Before the doctors take?

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    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: Diagnosis is no simple matter, especially where a heart operation is concerned.

    Before the doctors take a final decision the patient undergoes a detailed examination... A general analysis-electrocardiogram, X-ray and expert examination gives the doctors a general picture of the complaint.

    The main thing is diagnosis... A doctor would be at a great advantage if, before making his entry in the patient's case history, he could recall from his own experience, and that of other doctors, all previous cases of a similar kind; if he could determine with accuracy to a fine degree of probability, all possible diagnosis.

    In the Vishnavski surgical institute in Moscow this recollection process is performed automatically by a Soviet made computing machine, the M-220.

    ... That is how the history of the disease looks when translated into the language of figures. Blood pressure blood analysis, results of preliminary tests - all this is coded on a perforated card.

    This card is fod into the machine and it is now the computor's job to guess what is wrong with the patient. But "guess" in not really the right word. The computor is programmed to give a medically sound diagnosis.

    The M-220 is competent to make the most complex diagnosis: congenital and rheumatic heart defects, stomach and liver complains and other diseases.

    The machine can not only diagnose: it can also say what further tests must be made, and what has caused complications after an operation.

    This cybernetic laboratory, made at this large medical centre is the only one of its kind in the world.

    The research staff and doctors of the surgical institute have only one aim, to restore people to health.

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    Reuters - Source to be Verified
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