INTRODUCTION: The debate on Afghanistan has been continuing in the United Nations General Assembly.
GV INTERIOR UN General Assembly chamber
SV Cuban permanent representative to UN Raul Roa-Kouri, speaking in Spanish
GV INTERIOR Chamber and voice of chairman, giving floor to Australian permanent representative H. D. Anderson, who then speaks as people watch (6 shots)
SV MUTE United Kingdom delegate
SV Italian permanent representative Umberto La Rocca speaking
(SEQ. 3): ANDERSON: "What is of particular concern to the Australian government is that the Soviet Union has persisted in its military occupation of Afghanistan despite unequivocal calls for withdrawal by the overwhelming membership of the United Nations. Last year, this Assembly adopted Resolution 35/37 by a vote of 111 in favour, 22 against, and 12 abstentions. A resolution was passed by the sixth emergency special session in January 1980 by a similar margin. Among other things, these resolutions called for the immediate withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan. Yet Soviet troops remain in occupation in Afghanistan. What we are witnessing is the blatant refusal of a great power to heed the terms by General Assembly resolutions. The Afghan people have shown, dramatically and conclusively, their rejection of the (indistinct) Karmal regime, and their abhorrence of the Soviet presence. Since the foreign intervention in their country, some 2???? million Afghans have sought refuge within Pakistan, and another one half, to one and a half million, within Iran."
(SEQ. 5): LA ROCCA: "My delegation will lend its full support to the draft resolution containing document A/36/L15, which reiterates the basic principles on which a solution of the Afghan problem must be based: namely the withdrawal of foreign troops, the recognition of the right of the Afghan people to self-determination; the establishment of conditions for the return of the refugees to their country and their homes. For the same reasons, we welcome the results of the deliberations of the Islamic conference; the ministerial meeting of the non-aligned countries in New Delhi, and the Commonwealth summit in Melbourne."
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Background: INTRODUCTION: The debate on Afghanistan has been continuing in the United Nations General Assembly. The permanent representatives of Australia and Italy on Tuesday (17 November) pressed for the withdrawal of Soviet occupying forces and for the right of the Afghan people to choose their own government.
SYNOPSIS: This was the second day of debate on Afghanistan. The Cuban permanent representative, Senor Raul Rao-Kouri, said his country hoped a political solution to the Afghanistan question, and events in southwest Asia, could be achieved in according with the UN charter, and the principles of the non-aligned countries. Cuba could guarantee its help in seeking these solutions.
Italian permanent representative Umberto La Rocca: