INTRODUCTION: An unspecified number of Chad refugees are said to be returning to their homeland from neighbouring countries.
GVs Street scenes in Chad capital, N'Djamena (3 shots)
SV & CU Man displaying human skulls and bones (3 shots)
CU Skulls and human bones (2 shots)
SV ZOOM IN TO Man demonstrating crude chopping block showing how victims' heads were chopped off
GV Refugees coming across river in boats from Cameroun as others wait on far bank
GV More refugees in boats crossing river
GV Refugees on Chad side of river
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Background: INTRODUCTION: An unspecified number of Chad refugees are said to be returning to their homeland from neighbouring countries. They are coming back to a country still wracked by tension. Chad's vice-President Abdel Wadal Kamougue on Saturday (24 January) attacked the proposed merger with Libya, which was recently announced by President Goukouni Oueddei and the Libyan leader, Colonel Muanmar Gaddafi.
According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), most of those who'd fled came from the capital, N'Djamena, where fighting has been heavy. The UNHCR offices in Geneva on Friday (23 January) gave a breakdown of refugee numbers. It said some 266,000 had gone to Cameroun, about 104,000 to Nigeria and 7,000 to the Central African Republic. The U.N. also announced that Britain and West Germany had each recently sent a planeload of tents and blankets to Western Sudan for Chadian refugees. These gestures followed shortly after the United States had said it was sending almost a million dollars worth of food and blankets. Various nations have pledged seven and a half million dollars worth of help -- more than half the needed amount for 1981.
Civil war had ravaged N'Djamena for nine months, with the forces of President Oueddei fighting rebels led by former Defence Minister Hissene Habre. Last December, the fighting had abated from its peak, but casualties were still running at ten to 15 a day. One of the government forces demonstrated the manner in which he claimed rebel forces had killed some of his colleagues.
Chadian refugees coming back across the Chari river, which forms part of their border with Cameroun. Many had been in tented camps at Kousseri, just across the border, camps which three months earlier contained some 100,000 Chadian refugees. These people were coming back to news that the civil war which has raged for 16 years, could have moved at least to a temporary halt. Mr. Habre had fled to Cameroun and signed a cease-fire.