Nigerian President, Shehu Shagari, opened Africa's first economic summit on Monday (28 April) with a challenge to the industrialised world and an urgent call for cooperation within Africa.
SV: Prime Minister of Morocco Maaoti Bouabid down aircraft steps in Lagos and greeted by Nigerian Vice President Dr Alex E???wueme
GV: Bouabid, Ekwueme and party walking past dancers on tarmac
SV: Nigerian President Shehu Shagari receiving Ghana head of state General Frederick W.K. Akuffo
GV: Ghana head of state inspecting guard of honour
SCU: Egyptian Vice President Hosman Mobarak being greeted
SV: Mobarak leaving airport building
SV: Senegalese Head of State Leopold Senghor and Gambian Head of State Sir Dauda Jawara down aircraft steps and greeted by Shagari
SV: Ugandan President Godfrey Binaisa down aircraft
GV: Flags of OAU countries flying
GV: Togolese Head of State Gnassingbe Eyadema down aircraft
CU: Placards proclaiming Nigerian Togolese friendship (2 shots)
SV: United Nations Secretary General Dr Kurt Waldheim arrives
CU: PAN: Traditional dancers on tarmac
CU: Waldheim speaking in English
WALDHEIM: "Right n ow, there are extremely serious problem in the economic and development field, and I therefore consider it very important that the African heads of state are getting together and are discussing means and ways to overcome the present stalemate. Whatever Africa will decide will be of greatest importance for the rest of the world and also for our efforts in the United Nations to achieve a new international economic order."
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Background: Nigerian President, Shehu Shagari, opened Africa's first economic summit on Monday (28 April) with a challenge to the industrialised world and an urgent call for cooperation within Africa. Mr Shagari painted what he called a "pathetic and bleak picture" of a third world facing higher and higher debts and ever decreasing aid from industrialised nations in his opening speech of the Organisation of African Unity(OAU) in Lagos.
SYNOPSIS: Delegates from OAU countries arrived in Lagos over the weekend (26-27 April). All of them, like Moroccan Prime Minister Maaoti Bouabid were met at the airport by leaders of the Nigerian government and some traditional folklore. By the start of the conference on Monday, President Shagari was playing host to 2 5 African nations.
The heads of these nations came to Lagos for an OAU summit which put economic problems at the top of its agenda. President Shagari set out the aims. He urged the 25 heads of state to introduce legislation in their national assemblies which would provide firm guidelines for the formation of an African Economic Community. This, the Nigerian president said, should be the OAU's aim by the year two thousand, but for the immediate future, President Shagari urged the formation of regional economic groupings.
The arrival of Senegalese President Leopold Senghor as acting OAU chairman was seen by many conference delegates as a symbol of the need for such an economic union. President Sneghor had been asked by a preliminary meeting to the OAU summit to preside over the conference after its regular chairman, the Liberian Head of State William Tolbert was toppled in a coup on April 12. His successor Master Sergeant Samuel Doe, and his party were not invited to the summit, after Nigeria told the new military rulers in Monrovia they were not welcome. Delegates to the preliminary meeting signed out economic problems as a cause of Liberia's coup, and they stressed economic reforms were needed to avert similar political upheavals elsewhere in Africa.
United Nations Secretary General Kurt Waldheim was an observer. He supports a new international economic order, to iron out the problems of the third world.