INTRODUCTION: Bangladesh celebrated the sixth anniversary of its independence on Saturday (March 26). It was?
GV Troops on parade in Dacca, Bangladesh
GVs Bangladeshi leader General Ziaur Rahman (on right of picture) arriving at parade in open vehicle (3 shots)
GVs & CUs Troops parading (5 shots)
GVs Field-guns being towed in parade (3 shots)
GVs Military boat being towed in parade (2 shots)
GVs & SV Tanks in parade (4 shots)
Bangladesh was formerly East Pakistan, and was effectively ruled by the country then known as West Pakistan - now simply Pakistan. Sheikh Mujib was leader of the Awami League Party which won sweeping gains in the general elections of 1971. The party held the majority in East Pakistan's provincial assembly, but Pakistan's President Yahya Khan opposed the Awami's call for greater autonomy of power in the East. The West Pakistani army were then sent to suppress a rebellion led by the Awami League. India intervened in support of the so-called "freedom fighters" in the East. West Pakistan's forces surrendered on 16 December, 1970, and the independence of Bangladesh a few months later came within sight.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Bangladesh celebrated the sixth anniversary of its independence on Saturday (March 26). It was on that day in 1971 that the country's present leader, Major-General Ziaur Rahman, seized a radio station in the port city of Chittagong and declared the independent state of Bangladesh. This year's anniversary celebrations also mark the beginning of the nation's recovery from a long period of economic recession.
SYNOPSIS: The Bangladesh armed forces play a major role in the country's life. There was a strong military presence at the anniversary parade in Dacha, the capital, which was reviewed by Major-General Zip. The General emerged as effective leader of Bangladesh last year following the assassination of Sheik Mujibur Rahman - the country's founding father - in August. General Zip imposed martial law and imprisoned his main political opponents, and postponed general elections that were planned for early this year.
On economic problems General Zip replies to his critics by pointing to recent improvements in the country's economy. Exports rose by 48 per cent in the first quarter of the current financial year, he says; food prices have continued to fall and inflation generally has been brought under control. Relations with India, meanwhile, which had been a problem since the death of Sheik Mujib, are also improving. The Indians supported the Sheik in his fight to win Bangladesh's independence from Pakistan. But India is now displaying signs of accepting General Zip's leadership.