As fighting continued in northern areas of Vietnam, anti-Chinese demonstrations were held in several Eastern European capitals.
CU PAN FROM: Chinese embassy sign on embassy in Czechoslovakia TO demonstrators waving flags and shouting. (8 shots)
TV INTERIOR: Berlin workers at pro-Vietnamese rally. (2 shots)
CU: Vietnamese workers.
CU: German workers listening to speaker.
CU: speaker and workers listening (2 shots)
SV: speaker shaking hands with Vietnamese Ambassador.
SV: workers clapping as ambassador shakes hands with Vietnamese workers.
GV EXTERIOR: Pece, Hungary, Miners at rally. (4 shots)
SV: speaker addressing rally and workers listening. (2 shots)
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Background: As fighting continued in northern areas of Vietnam, anti-Chinese demonstrations were held in several Eastern European capitals. Romania was the only Soviet block country to remain neutral in the Sino-Vietnamese conflict. There was a big rally in Czechoslovakia.
SYNOPSIS: While the Chinese invasion of Vietnam was subject to controversy around the world these demonstrators in Prague firmly sided with the Vietnamese. This was in keeping with the Soviet Union's strongly anti-Chinese line of recent months. Hundreds of people gathered outside the Chinese embassy, and the Czech news agency said many of them were Vietnamese who are studying and working in the country. This was one of many demonstrations throughout Eastern Europe. But Rumania remained neutral and appealed for the two asian communist governments to order a cease-fire and negotiate their differences.
The Rumanian view was not widely shared in East Germany where there was also a pro-Vietnamese rally. East Germany was among the Soviet bloc countries to condemn China in bitter terms.
In other parts of the world also there were demonstrations against China. India's President and Prime Minister both publicly denounced China's actions, and students teamed with members of Parliament to rally outside the gates of the Chinese embassy in New Delhi. Here is East Germany the Vietnamese ambassador gave his support to the demonstrators.
In Hungary, anti-Chinese rallies were organised in mines, factories and schools. These miners condemned what they called 'Chinese aggression'. In a comment directed against the United States but widely interpreted to be also aimed at Romania's neutral stand, the official newspaper said that to view the Asian events impartially was equal to 'tolerating violence'. Albania, which follows an independent line, weighed in against China. The Chairman of the state planning commission Petro Dode said China is the most zealous ally of U.S. imperialism. In all, six members of the Warsaw Pact have condemned China's actions.