American women were tonight celebrating what some people described as the greatest triumph for womanhood since they won the right to vote in 1920.
GV Capital Building Washington
MV Women going into debate (2 shots)
CU Marth Griffiths speaks
CU Emmanuel Celler Speaks
LV New York Sky-line
MV EXT. McSorley's Old Ale House
MV's and SV's Women inside Ale-house
MV Men shouting
SV Men and Women drinking (2 shots)
Mrs. Griffiths "I think the effect of it will be to draw to the attention throughout the country and the state legislatures particularly the inequality involved and that they will begin to change those laws. They have done this in the past. Any case that has ever been tried, the legislature has directed that the supreme court of the United States denied the right."
Mr Emmanuel Celler "If the legal rights amendment applied the remedy, I would be among the first to rise to its support. It does not. It is I'm sorry to state a deft, ear and eye-catching slogan deceiving in its simplicity and dangerous because of that simplicity. It's a pure abstraction and the women themselves don't agree as to what equality means and that's true because even the fingers on your hand are not equal and between you and me the only equality that exists is in a cemetery."
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Background: American women were tonight celebrating what some people described as the greatest triumph for womanhood since they won the right to vote in 1920. Yesterday, (August 10) the House of Representatives approved an amendment to the U.S. constitution stipulating that "equality of rights under law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or any state, on account of sex."
The legislation was approved by 346 votes to 15, largely due to legislative manoeuvring by Mrs. Martha Griffiths -- veteran Democrat Congresswoman from Michigan.
Opposition came from a fellow Democrat, 81-year-old Mr. Emmanuel Celler, chairman of the judiciary committee which last considered the question in 1948.
Dismissing the idea of trying to force equality between men and women, Mr Celler said: "there is as much difference between a male and a female as there is between a horse chestnut and a chestnut horse."
At the same time, Mrs Griffiths compatriots in New York were doing their own thing ... the movement.
Mayor John Lindsay signed a bill barring discrimination against women in the city's public places. As a result women were able to drink in one New York bar for the first time in 174 years.
But drinking was about all they could do. The manager of the bar--- McSorley's Old Ale House a male only refuge since it opened in 1796 insisted he would not build a ladies room or even put a latch on the mens lavatory.