Up to five inches (13 cm.) of rain fell in much of Western Texas yesterday (Friday) breaking a seven-month drought that threatened to reduce the region to "dust bowl" conditions.
GV Dust-storm over Texas landscape (3 shots)
CU ZOOM OUT from dried soil
LV Soil conservationist Robert Kral speaking
GV Flooded field in Dawson County (3 shots)
GV Sun shining in South West Oklahoma
SV Irrigations sprays over field
CU Water on soil
SV Cattle (4 shots)
GV Sandy landscape
TRANSCRIPT SEQ 3: KRAL: Well the long-range effect is that the fertility is being blown out of the soil. The removal of the fine particles, the clay and silt that actually carries the fertility -- the nitrogen, phosphorus and so forth -- that the producers plant, gradually, very gradually, of course depending upon how severe the drought is, and how severe the wind is, but gradually the fertility is being depleted. This is very damaging, from a long-range standpoint.
Initials OS/2110 GL/OS/2129
TELERECORDING original colour on 4306/71 61ft
The film also has spoken commentary - for guidance only.
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Background: Up to five inches (13 cm.) of rain fell in much of Western Texas yesterday (Friday) breaking a seven-month drought that threatened to reduce the region to "dust bowl" conditions. An inch (2.5 cm.) had fallen the previous day (15 April) in Dawson County, first indication of a break in the parching weather.
But further north in south-west Oklahoma there was still no sign of a change and State Governor David Hall has asked President Nixon to declare 18 countries a disaster area, making them eligible for Federal aid.
Scenes of the drought in the southern United States are also shown in Visnews Productions 3925/71 (Texas) and 3094/71 (Florida).
SYNOPSIS: A dust storm rages in Texas. It's the result of one of the worst droughts to grip the southern United States in over 40 years. Damage caused to this land by wind erosion has made many farmers fear a return to the dust-bowl conditions of the 1930's. Soil conservationist Robert Kral:
On Thursday an inch of rain fell in Dawson County, and up to five inches fell next day in western Texas, enough to halt the erosion but too late to save the crops.
But further north in southwest Oklahoma the drought goes on. Hardly any rain has fallen this year.
Because so much land is unfit for grazing, breeders have been cutting down their herds and swamping the livestock market with unwanted cattle. Grass and hay re in short supply.
Officials have asked President Nixon to declare 18 counties a disaster area, making them eligible for Federal aid.