On the 25th of June.
The Troops standing to attention at the Monument of Revolution in Maputo.
SCU PAN President Samora Machel of Mozambique putting on his cap and walking off.
SV TRACK Soldiers standing to attention with rifles and fixed bayonets.
SV Two women soldiers place wreath on monument. President Machel touches wreath and steps back to salute.
SV Mozambique flay flying on pole TILT DOWN President Machel saluting.
SV Troops on parade.
SV President Machel salutes troops and turns to talk to military officers and Government officials.
GV & SV Mig fighters fly over in formation.
SCU President Machel watching planes and smiling.
GV Planes fly over and break formation.
SCU President Machel laughing.
SV TRACK President Machel walking through crowds and talking and waving to people. (2 SHOTS)
SV ZOOM TO CU Frelimo Party members singing.
SV President Machel waving to the crowds as he gets into his car.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: On the 25th of June. 1980, Mozambique celebrated the fifth anniversary of its independence from Portugal. For five hundred years, until June, 1975, Mozambique had been a Portuguese colony.
SYNOPSIS: The celebrations in the capital, Maputo, were marked by a mass rally attended by Mozambique's leader, President Samora Machel. The rally, in Maputo's Independence Square, was attended by about fifty thousand people.
The rally followed a campaign begun by President machel earlier this year against negligence and incompetence. In a major policy speech to the rally, the President announced a series of measures aimed at stamping out malpractices in the government and the commercial and private sectors.
His campaign -- known as "the offensive" -- included the dropping of three ministers. President Machel says the person who gives false information allows rice and other foods to rot, is an enemy, and should be punished with the thief and saboteur.
While the President might smile at the sight of Mig fighters flying overhead, the Mozambique economy can afford him little satisfaction. The balance of payments deficit is around one hundred million pounds -- and would be twice that if it were not for foreign aid.
Despite the shortages of basic commodities and hardship among the country's businesses, there was still a strong show of support for the president from members of the ruling Frelimo Party.
Mozambique's leaders freely admit there have been shortcomings. But they say they have had enormous obstacles to overcome, including an almost total lack of trained personnel. The Zimbabwe war has also caused a strain. Twenty-six percent of the budget goes on defence. Despite the setbacks, Mozambicans believe there have been improvements.