A reported coup in Afghanistan..the official Iranian News Agency pars in Tehran on Thursday (27?
CU INTERIOR: U.S. State Department spokesman Hodding Carter speaking at press conference in Washington.
GV: Soviet Tanks lined up in Afghanistan. (Library film)
GV: Officer inspecting tank corps
SCU PAN: Tank crews
GV: Officer signals crew to man the tanks, tanks start up and pull out of base. (2 shots)
GV: Tanks on manoeuvres across empty terrain
SV: Soldiers on top of tank with guns
GV: Tanks on manoeuvres across the desert (2 shots)
SV ZOOM INTO SCU AND PAN DOWN: Memorial to soldiers who died in 1978 revolution
SV PULL BACK TO GV Soldiers standing to attention beside memorial
SCU PAN: Soldiers at memorial
GV: Tank manoeuvres (4 shots)
CARTER: "December 25th and 26th there was a large-scale Soviet airlift...airlift at the Kabul International Airport perhaps involving over a hundred and fifty flights. The aircraft involved large transport, An-22s (Antonov An-22 Antheus) and smaller transporters An-12s (Antonov An-12). Several hundred Soviet troops have (indistinct) at Kabul airport, and various kinds of field equipment have been flown in. I cannot provide an estimate of numbers. The Soviet military build-up north of the borders is continuing . And we now have indications that there are the equivalent of five divisions in Soviet areas adjacent to Afghanistan."
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Background: A reported coup in Afghanistan..the official Iranian News Agency pars in Tehran on Thursday (27 December) quoted Kabul Radio as reporting the overthrow of Afghan President Hafizullah Amin in a coup. The Iranian agency quoted the radio as saying he has been replaced by former Afghan Premier Babrak Karmel. The news came only twenty-four hours after the United States on Wednesday (26 December) accused the Soviet Union of pouring troops and military equipment into Afghanistan. According to U.S. State Department spokesman hodding Carter, a Soviet airlift of perhaps more than one hundred and fifty flights on Tuesday (25 December) and Wednesday delivered men and combat great into the airport at Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan. The United States described the reported movements as 'blatant military interference in the internal affairs of a sovereign state'.
SYNOPSIS: These pictures were taken in August 1979, when the Afghan government then led by President Noor Mohammed Tarraki, used a heavy complement of Soviet-supplied armaments to crush a rebellion among army units in Kabul. An estimated twelve hundred soldiers led the uprising against President Tarraki's government, which was backed by the Soviet Union. Equipment brought in to quell the rebels included tanks, armoured personnel carriers and rocket-firing helicopters. An artillery regiment and infantry battalion guarding the Bal-Hissar fort on the edge of Kabul's old town had led the rebellion, during which, informed sources said, up to three thousand troops could have been killed.
Last August, there were several thousand Soviet officials and advisors helping to direct the war against guerrilla insurgents seeking to overthrow President Tarraki's regime. In mid-September. President Tarraki was overthrown, already in a palace revolution led by Hafizullah Amin And his Khalq Party. In late October, The Guardian newspaper in London quoted diplomats as saying that Moscow was questioning Amin's leadership, and that the Kremlin could be responsible for any push to remove Mr. Amin.
At that time, the Guardian said Soviet influence in the Afghan armed forces was increasing and diplomats believed the Soviet Union controlled the Air Force. The diplomatic community also considered the important armoured corps, based at Pule Charki, on the edge of Kabul, was outside President Amin's influence. On Thursday (27 December), Reuters News Agency quoted diplomatic sources as saying the number of Soviet soldiers airlifted to Afghanistan this week was estimated at between fifteen hundred and five thousand. The sources said the latest troop arrivals, after landing at Kabul, dispersed to Afghan military camps, outside the capital, and to Bagram air base.