• Short Summary


    Western nations have pledged moral and material support for nine black Southern African countries striving to lessen economic independence on white-ruled South Africa.

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    1. GV EXTERIOR Conference building in Maseru 0.06
    2. SVs Delegates arriving for final conference session (3 shots) 0.25
    3. SCU Swedish Foreign Minister Lennard Bodstroem speaking (ENGLISH SOT) (2 shots) 1.56
    4. SV Netherlands Minister of Co-operation Mrs. Eggie Schoo speaking (ENGLISH SOT) 1.56
    5. GV INTERIOR Conference hall with delegates 1.59
    6. European Economic Community Commissioner for Development Mr. Edgard Pisani (from France) speaking (ENGLISH SOT) 3.00
    SPEECH TRANSCRIPT OF SEQUENCES 3, 4 AND 6: BODSTROEM: "The SADCC strategy is not aggressive towards any ethnic group in any country. It is a strategy of development and equality and of peaceful economic co-operation. But the minority regime in South Africa refuses to realise that, and treats SADCC as a threat. A policy of internal aggression, and external aggression by the apartheid regime, is a carefully drawn-out strategy to preserve the extreme economic privileges of the white minority."
    SCHOO: "The Netherlands government rejects apartheid and it has condemned the South African incursion into Maseru as a violation of the territorial sovereignty of Lesotho. Increased international pressure will be necessary to bring about fundamental changes in South Africa. We also believe that the international community should assist countries against which South Africa commits acts of aggression. And we believe that we should all help those countries to deal with the consequences of such aggressive and repugnant acts."
    PISANI: "We consider that South Africa is trying to de-stabilise the situation of countries in South Africa especially in the countries where the multi-racial society tries to go, to survive, to work. It would be a very strong demonstration against the policy of South Africa if, and it will be, Zimbabwe can manage itself, by the multi-racial society."

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: MASERU, LESOTHO

    Western nations have pledged moral and material support for nine black Southern African countries striving to lessen economic independence on white-ruled South Africa. The third annual meeting of the Southern African Development Coordination Conference, held in Lesotho's capital Maseru on January 27 and 28, has been promised 200 million dollars for development schemes over the next four years. The pledge, made by 35 donor nations and agencies, raises to 1.6 billion dollars the amount allocated to the SADCC since it was formed in 1980. It represents almost half the total required by SADCC members to develop transport, communications, agriculture and industry into the 1990s. Western donors, including Sweden and members of the European Economic Community (EEC), also condemned South Africa's actions against neighbouring black states and called for an immediate halt to Pretoria's interference in the region. In their final communique, all conference participants strongly condemned deliberate interference by South Africa which affected the economic stability of the SADCC member-nations--Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The Swedish Foreign Minister, Mr. Lennart Bodstroem, told delegates Pretoria's policies in the region were aimed at preserving the prerogatives of a small white minority in South Africa. The Netherlands Minister of Co-operation, Mrs. Eggje Schoo, called for effective retaliatory measures against Pretoria's apartheid policies and denounced its alleged involvement in a raid near Maseru on the opening day of the SADCC conference. The ECC Commissioner for Development, Monsieur Edgard Pisani, urged donor nations to help black African states defeat Pretoria's attempts at de-stabilising neighbouring economies. Three SADCC donors -- the United States, Britain and West Germany -- are major trading partners of white-ruled South Africa.


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