VARIOUS, ISRAEL/JERUSALEM/WEST BANK
Violence by Jewish extremists against the Arab population has escalated alarmingly since 1980.
VARIOUS, ISRAEL/JERUSALEM/WEST BANK
JULY, 1980 - RAMALLAH
1. GVs & SVs Car burnt out. 0.16
2. GV & SCU Mayor Kalim Khalaf in hospital. (2 SHOTS) 0.25
1980 - NABLUS
3. SV Mayor Bassam Shaka returning form hospital. 0.34
JULY 7, 1983 - HEBRON
4. GV & SV Military post. (2 SHOTS) 0.41
5. CU Knife and bloodstains on road. (3 SHOTS) 0.50
6. SCU Settler speaking. (SOT) 0.58
7. SV Demonstrators with placards as Moshe Arens and Moshe Levy drive through in truck. 1.10
JULY 26, 1983 - NEAR HEBRON
8. LV ZOOM INTO CU & CU OF Damage to Islamic University. (3 SHOTS) 1.24
9. SCU Student in hospital speaking. (SOT) (3 SHOTS) 1.45
10. GVs Settlements near Hebron. (4 SHOTS) 2.03
APRIL 28, 1984 - JERUSALEM
11. GV Buses in street. 2.09
12. SV Bus driver speaking of bombings. (SOT) 2.28
13. SV Bus. 2.33
MAY 14, 1984
14. GV & SV Meeting of Gush Emunim. (2 SHOTS) 2.39
15. SV Gush Emunim spokesman. (SOT) 3.03
MAY 11, 1984 - JERUSALEM
16. SV Police headquarters. (2 SHOTS) 3.11
17. SV Rabbi Levinger speaking. (SOT) (5 SHOTS) 3.37
SPEECH (TRANSCRIPTS) SETTLER: (SEQ 6) "I think that the only way, if they're not able to protect us, we have to organise ourselves and to protect ourselves."
STUDENT: (SEQ 9) "The (indistinct) of the university, some of men will come and kill or will harm the many pupil in the university."
BUS DRIVER: (SEQ 12) "At five o'clock in the morning, the police, he come to wake us up and tell we have bombs in the bus, and we don't know. He take the bus in the police office, and they check the bus. He find bombs on every bus."
GUSH EMUNIM SPOKESMAN: (SEQ 15) "We're here at a meeting of the council representing all the settlements of Judea, Samaria and the other region. The reason we're here, among others, is to discuss the arrests and the allegations that have been made against a number of people, residents of Judea and Samaria."
RABBI LEVINGER: (SEQ 17) "I understand that Jews did what they do. Every Arab that are doing thing against the Jew, we'll punish very strong and the politic or the system of the government must be changed. Government must understand that this was their mistake and the trial must be for the Israeli Government, not for them."
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: VARIOUS, ISRAEL/JERUSALEM/WEST BANK
Violence by Jewish extremists against the Arab population has escalated alarmingly since 1980. Most of the attacks have centered on the occupied West Bank, but bombs have been found in buses and buildings in East Jerusalem. Israeli authorities believe the attacks are the work of an extremist underground organisation and have rounded up suspects in an effort to halt the violence.
SYNOPSIS: A car bomb planted by extremists in July 1980 and left the mayor of Ramallah, Karim Khalaf, with serious injuries. Palestinians living in the occupied West Bank accused the Israel Government of wilful indifference in their search for the culprits. They believed the investigation into the incident was deliberately slowed down for political reasons. The mayor recovered, but lost a foot in the explosion.
The mayor of Nablus suffered extensive injuries when a similar device exploded in his town. He received a warn welcome from his constituents when he was allowed out of hospital but he lost his legs in the attack.
The escalation of violence led Attorney-General Yitzhak Zamir ot appoint a special committee to investigate Jewish settlers in the West Bank suspected of vigilante activities, assault and vandalism against Arabs. The incidents were overshadowed by the war in Lebanon until late 1982, when Israeli security forces detained three prominent Kiryat Arab residents on suspicion of illegal possession of explosives. The murder of a religious Jewish student, Aharon Gross, in July 1983, led to severe retaliation from the Jewish population. A month later,masked terrorists killed four people and wounded thirty-three in an attack on the Hebron Islamic University. The incident was the most indiscriminate ever directed at Arabs in the occupied territories since Israel captured the area in the 1967 the area in the 1967 war.
The latest attacks in April this year had more serious implications. Police defused bombs on seven Arab buses serving East Jerusalem. The devices, set to explode when the driver pressed the starter, were planted overnight in the vehicles, parked near the homes of their Arab drivers.
Israeli police have carried out several raids on the West Bank settlements to round up suspects, but the hard line Gush Emunim (Faith Bloc) has no reservations about confrontation with Arabs. One of the founders of the movement, Rabbi Moshe Levinger, who set up the first Jewish settlement in the West Bank, believes the renaissance of Jewish nationalism is more important than democracy. Two of his relatives are among those detained by the Israeli police. The existence of an underground extremist group appears to have been confirmed by the police, who say they have confessions from two of the men in their custody for the incident at the Islamic university. Police authorities say the suspects led them to arms caches. Security authorities say the group - based in the Israel settlements on the occupied West Bank and Golan Heights was the most dangerous and best organised Jewish illegal organisation to have been establish since Israeli independence in 1948. The exposure of the group has caused deep embarrassment for the right-wing Likud government, which has championed the settlement drive in occupied Arab territory.
Source: REUTERS - TALI GODER/ELI FASTMAN