Security forces staged a full-scale mock attack on "guerrilla" hideouts on Tuesday (8 April) for the benefit of some 2,000 African tribesmen who watched the demonstration of firepower at Mtoko in Northeast Rhodesia.
GV Tribesmen at demonstration site
SV Tribesmen picking up reward posters
CU ZOOM OUT Child holding reward poster
SV Rhodesian displaying capture weapon (2 shots)
CU Soldier talking to crowd
GV Crowd watching
SV AND GV Soldiers firing guns at target (4 shots)
SV ZOOM IN Machine-gun firing
LV PAN Helicopter landing and troops rushing out to take up positions (2 shots)
SV Army vehicle
GV PAN 'Plane dropping bombs on target as crowd watches (3 shots)
GV PAN Hunter aircraft flying overhead
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Background: Security forces staged a full-scale mock attack on "guerrilla" hideouts on Tuesday (8 April) for the benefit of some 2,000 African tribesmen who watched the demonstration of firepower at Mtoko in Northeast Rhodesia. The demonstration came on the same day that Zambian Foreign Minister Vernon Mwaanga told a special meeting of the Organisation of African Unity in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, that South Africa had agreed with the Zambian Government to withdraw its troops from Rhodesia by the end of May.
The exercise was the first of four such demonstrations designed to impress tribesmen in areas where guerrilla groups have been active. But one international newsman, who saw the operation, described it as an "exercise in intimidation".
The day before Tuesday's demonstration, two African civilians were injured in the same region by a land-mine explosion which Rhodesian security forces blamed on guerrillas.
Tribesmen were advised in advance of the demonstration and came to watch it from a large surrounding area. Distinct Assistants distributed thousands of handbills explaining a new reward system for captured or killed guerrillas and warned the tribesmen to beware of discarded guerrilla weapons.
Other Africans who told of being victimised by the guerrillas included one who said he had been held down while both his legs were hacked off, and another who said his upper lip had been cut away with a rusted knife.
The attack on the mock-up of a guerrilla camp included the use of rockets by two Hawker Hunters of the Rhodesian Air force, helicopter attacks, and displays of firepower by machine guns and grenades.
South African land and air forces -- officially described as "police" -- have been heavily supporting Rhodesian security forces in anti-insurgency operations within Rhodesia since it unilaterally declared independence in 1965.