The Arab leaders ended their three-day summit meeting in Algiers on Thursday (29 November), after clearing the way for a Middle East Peace Conference.
GV INTERIOR Ministers at conference
Top views PAN FROM ministers to Sadat speaking in Arabic
SCU Yasser Arafat listening
LV Sadat speaking and finishes
GV Ministers applaud as he returns to seat
LV King Hassan speaking (2 shots)
King Hassan receives applause (2 shots)
SV ZOOM OUT President Boumedienne closes conference, delegates applaud and leave room (2 shots)
Initials AE/1.02 AE/1.18
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Background: The Arab leaders ended their three-day summit meeting in Algiers on Thursday (29 November), after clearing the way for a Middle East Peace Conference. They also made it plain to the rest of the world that the oil weapon would continue to be used for a long time to come against countries whose policies did not find favour with the Arabs.
The talks culminated in a number of declarations and secret decisions. The main declaration gave precise and stringent terms for peace with Israel These included complete Israeli withdrawal form Arab lands, and the restoration of the national rights of the Palestinian People. Egypt and Syria were given the blessing of their fellow Arabs of starting negotiation with Israel. But they warned that fighting could be renewed if the talks failed.
The draft of the declaration had been submitted to the meeting on the day before (Wednesday). and after being approved, had been made public. The document said it was the duty of those who spoke of peace "to prove by actions their will to end the present state of affairs in the Middle East." However, it also gave the warning that the Arab States would not mortgage their future with "deceptive bargaining or vague promises."
SYNOPSIS: The summit meeting of Arab heads of state in Algiers, issued a declaration on Wednesday in which they stated their readiness to help achieved a just peace in the Middle Eat. During the discussions which took place in closed session, President Anwar Sadat of Egypt, told his fellow delegates - including Yasser Arafat, the Palestinian Liberation Organisation leader - that the Middle East problem could not be solved by war. But he also warned that the fighting with Israel could start again at any time.
Though the Conference decided to keep its decisions secret, it was officially announced that Yasser Arafat would be recognised as the only legal representatives of the Palestinian people. The Arab leaders also decided to halt further cuts in oil deliveries to Japan and the Philippines, because of their policy change in favour of the Arab position. King Hassan of Morocco was also among the prominent leaders who addressed the Conference, which met in an atmosphere of confidence and unanimity. The declaration was precise about its peace terms, including an immediate Israeli withdrawal from all occupied territories.
The statement also demanded the restoration of the rights of the Palestinian people. It warned that if these two conditions were not fulfilled, it would be illusory to expect anything but a worsening of the explosive situation in the Middle East, and the start of a series of new confrontations. When President ???ouari Boumedienne of Algeria closed the session on Wednesday, the Conference was to continue for one more day. The delegates left with the impression that Egypt was confident that Israel would be obliged to meet Arab demands in full.