The Southern "filibuster" - marathon debate - now entering its fourth week in the United States Senate, is to continue.
GV FXT..Capitol building.
GV Queue wait to enter galleries.
MV Group of 'Southerners' with Senator Richard Russell of Georgia (centre front row) with Senators from Oklahoma, Virginia, flanking.
CLOSER V..Senator Russell.
MV Group with Russell rising.
CU Russell speaks.
CU Senator John Kennedy, Presidential candidate.
CU Russell talks.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: The Southern "filibuster" - marathon debate - now entering its fourth week in the United States Senate, is to continue. A Mar.10 cloture motion to limit the debate on the Civil Rights Bill was defeated by 53 votes to 42.
Led by 62-year old Senator Richard Russell of Georgia, a bloc of Democratic Senators from the 'Deep South' are attempting to bloc passage of President Eisenhower's seven-point Civil Rights Bill.
Since the eighteen Southerners began their marathon round-the-clock debate Feb. 30, rooms and corridors in the Senate Building have taken on the appearance of a casualty clearance station. Temporary beds have been erected for opposing Senators to snatch a quick sleep between quorum calls. Working in relays the Southern Senators have the Senate in session on am almost non-stop basis, compelling the majority to be on hand to answer repeated quorum calls throughout the day and night.
The proposed bill - if passed - would ensure voting rights to Negroes, many of whom in the South are in effect deprived of these rights by state and city laws or by intimidation.
The 1957 Civil Rights Commission reported that only 25 per cent of Negroes of voting age in the Southern States are registered, while 62 per cent of the white people of 21 and over are on the electoral roll. Many devices, ranging from outright intimidation to literacy tests, are used to prevent Negroes from registering.