• Short Summary

    One of the 20th Century's most powerful and influential figures, Nikita S. Khrushchev, died in?

  • Description

    USSR, 1970. SCU Khrushchev speaking

    GV & SV Guns firing Soviet troops advance. Burning buildings (5 shots)

    MV & SV Khrushchev through streets of Kiev and embraced (2 shots)

    1953 GV Moscow.

    GV & SV Stalin lying in state as crowds look on (3 shots)

    Hungary 1956 TV Tanks and MV Hungarians firing (4 shots)

    1958 GV Troops parade before Khrushchev and crowds watch (4 shots)

    Berlin 1959 TV & SV Crowds and Khrushchev arrives (2 shots)

    SV Khrushchev speaking

    SV Crowds

    SV Khrushchev with Eisenhower in 1959

    SV PAN 1960 U-2 wreckage (2 shots)

    1961 LV Crowds in Red Square. SV Khrushchev with Gagarin (2 shots)

    GV Vienna. GV & SV Mr. & Mrs. Khrushchev with Mr. & Mrs. Kennedy (5 shots)

    AERIAL VIEWS Berlin Wall 1961.

    1960 MV Khrushchev with Castro

    1962 AERIAL VIEWS Missiles aboard Soviet freighter leaving Cuba (2 shots)

    1959 SV & MVs Khrushchev with Mao Tse Tung as crowds watch (5 shots)

    GV PAN Khrushev's house and garden (3 shots)

    SCU & SV Khrushchev taking pictures of wife (2 shots)

    CU Khrushchev and GV Walking with dog in garden (2 shots)

    1966 MV Khrushchev leaves voting centre and walks through crowds. Into car and away (8 shots)

    Initials BB/0125 AH-OJP/DW/BB/0315

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: One of the 20th Century's most powerful and influential figures, Nikita S. Khrushchev, died in the Kremlin Hospital, Moscow, on Saturday (II September) The 77-year-old former Soviet Premier and Communist Party Chief, who helped pave the way for peaceful coexistence with the West, died of a heart attack four days after entering the hospital. In recent years he had suffered from ill health...including two other heart attacks. Mr. Khrushchev's rise to power was a classic Soviet success story, and his fall in 1964 as big a surprise to the Russian populace as it was to the rest of the world. There are no plans for a large state funeral in Red Square as this could prove politically embarrassing for his successors, however family plans are for a quieter burial on Monday (13 September) in Moscow's Novodevichye Cemetery.

    Nikita Khrushchev played a decisive role in shaping the issues which continue to dominate world affairs in the 1970s. He attempted to extend Soviet influence in the Middle East and in the Far East -- Lon Nol, Khmer Republican Head of State was among the leaders wooed at the Kremlin. At the same time, he was in power at the beginning of the ideological dispute with the People's Republic of China.

    Soviet troops and armour crushed the 1956 rising in Hungary, foreshadowing the Warsaw Pack intervention in Czechoslovakia twelve years later. The Berlin Wall became the abiding symbol of the Cold War, and Cuba was established as rallying ground for anti-United States feeling in Latin America.

    The organiser of guerrilla operations against the Germans during World War Two, Mr. Khrushchev rose from relative obscurity to supreme power in the Soviet Union after Stalin's death in 1953. Malenkov's challenge for leadership was ended by the now famous ruling partnership of Khrushchev and War Minister Bulganin. Mr. Khrushchev embarked on a new line of attack in 1956 when he denounced Stalin as a torturer and mass murderer. Within months, the Communist world reeled under the impact of another momentous event--the Hungarian uprising and its suppression. In the Middle East the Suez crisis pushed the Arab nations closer to the Soviet Union, while in Europe, the western extent of Soviet influence was marked by the construction, in 1961, of the formidable Berlin Wall.

    Already committed to the arms race, the East-West struggle for supremacy was extended into space during Khrushchev's reign in the Kremlin. The Russians achieved notable 'firsts' with the successful launching of the first Sputnik in 1957 and with the first manned space flight by Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin in 1961. And on earth, nuclear tests continued. Mr. Khrushchev discussed disarmament with President Eisenhower in 1959 and again with President Kennedy in 1961. A year later, a Soviet nuclear build-up was discovered on Cuba and the very real threat of a new world war was only averted by the withdrawal of Soviet missiles. The two sides finally got together over the question of disarmament in 1963, when Russian, American and British Ministers met in Moscow to sign a partial nuclear test ban treaty.

    AS Russia's relations with the West improved, those with the Chinese appeared to deteriorate. The rift was still widening at the time of Khrushchev's retirement in 1964. He disappeared from the world political scene as abruptly as he had burst upon it.

    SYNOPSIS: Nikita Khrushchev...Soviet ruler for over a decade, and a decisive influence on mid-twentieth century world affairs...died in retirement on Saturday. During World War Two he had set aside a promising career in politics to help fight the Germans. The death of Stalin in 1953 brought a Soviet power struggle into the open, and two years later Malenkov was replaced by Bulganin and Khrushchev.

    The Communist world reeled under Khrushchev's denouncement of Stalin as a mass murderer, and again at the impact of the Hungarian uprising when troops and tanks were sent in. However he was able to return to Budapest some time later...for a peaceful parade.

    While Arab nations moved closer to Russia during the Suez Crisis, a divided Germany continued a source of tension. Khrushchev called on Western powers to demilitarise West Berlin, and discussed the problem with President Eisenhower during a U.S. visit. Relations deteriorated though in 1960 when a U-2 spy aircraft was shot down over Russia.

    The space race followed the arms race, and Yuri Gagarin made the first manned space flight in 1961. Also that year Khrushchev met President and Mrs. Kennedy in Vienna, urging the signing of a peace treaty between East and West Berlin.

    Two months later however the Berlin Wall went up.

    Cuba's Fidel Castro met Khrushchev at the United Nations in 1960. Two years later Soviet missiles were discovered on Cuba, and the world hovered on the brink of war until they were shipped back.

    During this period Russian and Chinese leaders appeared on excellent terms, but Khrushchev's peaceful co-existence policy with the West helped bring about an ideological dispute with China. The rift was still widening at the time of his abrupt retirement in 1964. Frequent rumours of ill health culminated in reports of two heart attacks. A third claimed his life on Saturday.

    Nikita Khrushchev's rise to power was a classic Soviet success story, and his fall in 1964 as big a surprise to the Russian populace as it was to the rest of the world. There are no plans for a large state funeral in Red Square as this could prove politically embarrassing for his successors. Family plans are for a quieter burial ceremony in Moscow's Novodevichye Cemetery.

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    Reuters - Source to be Verified
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