Visnews filmed, June 18 and 19, scenes during and after rioting at Durban's shanty town of Cato Manor.
CV. African women gather.
SV. Woman talks with police.
SV. Women gather.
STV. Women listen to officials of Durban Corporation talking through loudspeakers.
SV. Women chase away male intruder.
LV. Women chase man over hills.
SV. Women flourish sticks near Corporation van.
GV. Women get slightly hysterical.
SV. Police move in.
SEQ. Police charge women, women break and scatter.
SIDE V.Policeman with gashed face.
SV Burning shop.
SV. Burnt out shop.
SV. Another burnt out shop.
SV. Man serves outside his burnt shop.
LV. Burnt out coach.
GV. Completely burnt out creche.
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Background: Visnews filmed, June 18 and 19, scenes during and after rioting at Durban's shanty town of Cato Manor.
Trouble began when African women, gathered outside the Cato Manor municipal beer hall, were baton-charged by police after being ordered to disperse. Firearms were used and many of the women were hit by batons and knocked to the ground. At least two natives were reported killed, and a number were admitted to hospital. 51 African women were arrested and remanded until June 23.
Later, African men joined the rioting - as police fired sten guns into the air to disperse the crowds, buses were stoned and many of the municipal buildings were set on fire.
The riots were sparked off after police had placed a ban on home brewed beer and broken up illicit stills in which the African women make liquor, the African women were already incensed by competition provided by the municipal beer hall. There were other causes of grievance: the standard of living in the area is very low, there had been bitter feeling when shacks had been demolished by the authorities without the provision of alternative accommodation, and shortly before the outbreak an order was issued that all livestock would be shot unless evacuated from the area by June 30.
Durban municipal authorities decided June 20 to close all African beer halls in Durban and adjoining areas until June 29. The police advised against this as they thought it would be considered a sign of weakness by the African women competing with the beer halls.