These impressions and scenes of present-day Warsaw were brought back to London by VISNEWS staff cameraman, Bill McConville, who travelled to the Polish capital on April 8th on the first British European Airways flight linking London and Warsaw direct.
GV. Warsaw Buildings etc., in centre of Warsaw.
TV. Modern blocks of buildings, in centre of Warsaw.
SV. Polish-Russian heroes Memorial to commemorate 1945 when Germans were pushed out of Warsaw.
SCU. Statues of soldiers on top of memorial.
SCU. Inscription on memorial.
CU. Statue of russian soldier.
CU. Statues of Polish soldier.
GV. House of Parliament.
LV. Pan - ditto.
GV. Main Square of Warsaw. Near Palace built-by the Russians.
LV. Youngsters at play with football in Square.
LV. Ditto and scoring a goal.
GV. Buildings surrounding Square.
CU. Pan youngster carrying satchel.
GV. The Palace of Culture.
LV. Pan to CU. People entering Palace. Peasants paying annual pilgrimage to Warsaw.
Angle Shot Palace of Culture.
SV. Track in man and woman look on, at Palace.
SV. Statue at entrance to Palace.
Angle Shot Ditto.
LV. Bombed out buildings pan down to "COCKNEY" kids.
SCU. Boys at play with wooden "swords".
LV. Pigeons in big cage on roof pan down to children.
CU. Pan kid types.
LV. Slum buildings pan to children.
CU. Pan kid types.
LV. Pan slum area --in bombed out area.
GV. Pan down from crane to new flats being erected.
Angle Shot Pan down from crane to new flats being erected showing scaffolding etc., With limited material the people of Warsaw are slowly building flats for the overcrowded citizens.
SV. Ditto. Each person in Warsaw is allowed 6 cubic ft. of living space.
LV. Man unloading bricks from horse cart.
GV.Pan Almost finished new flats.
CU. Radiators waiting to be fixed in flats.
V. Woman shovelling and mixing mortar pan to cement mixing machine.
SV. Pan Woman walking with pails for water.
LV. Almost finished flats.
SV. Pan People's belongings - pan to people arriving with personal bits and pieces in both to take over flat.
CU. Pan Ditto and entering new flat.
Pan down New Cathedral being re-built.
CU. Bricklayer at work.
GV. Interior of old cathedral.
SV. People look at model of New Cathedral.
LV. Pan from Altar to woman at prayer.
CU. Woman at prayer.
GV. Typical countryside and village. 60 miles from Warsaw.
LV. Men and kid types standing at cottage gate. A typical village consists generally of about 10 cottages strung ut in a line, There are hundreds of such places in Poland.
CU. Man type - in countryside.
SCU. Small children running away from camera.
LV. Ditto and run into cottage.
SV. Pan down showing interior of cottage etc.,
SCU. (Shy of camera little girl) alongside mother and baby.
GV. Farmyard and pigs feeding.
SV. Woman getting water from well.
LV. Horse pulling on beam which in turn rotates gears to work chaff cutter in barn.
CU. Gears rotate pan to chaff cutting machine.
CU. Type pan down to machine cutting.
SV.Pan up Typical farm cart - with man at one end hammering metal etc.,
CU. Hammering section of metal.
CU. Type Ditto.
GV. Women carrying big bundles of wood on backs.
SV. Ditto and track into (shy of camera) woman.
SV. Passengers holding on outside of moving train. Warsaw trams and trains are quite inadequate to carry the people and they are always overloaded to danger point.
Top V. Warsaw pan down to traffic in street. Very little traffic can be seen about considering then size of the city.
LV. People riding outside of crowded trams.
SV. Pan Ditto as tram stops to disembark and pick up passengers.
CU. People crowding into tram.
SV. Ditto as tram moves off.
Angle Shot Tower at entrance to tunnel that links East and West Warsaw.
GV. Traffic entering tunnel. This new tunnel is 250 yds. long and joins the old part with the new part of the city.
Riding Shot thru tunnel.
Ditto, and coming out at end of tunnel.
Memorial in "GHETTO" Quarter. Half a million Jewish people were massacred by the German in this area when they were shepherded there during the invasion.
SCU. Plaque on Memorial.
C.U.Pan Ditto showing "young" and "old" heads carved.
S.V. Man lays wreath on memorial.
C.U. Jewish inscription on memorial.
G.V. Rubble and new buildings in Ghetto area.
Shot through small architect openings to scene of Warsaw overlooking the Vistula.
G.V. Warsaw overlooking Vistula.
L.V.Pan Traffic passing over bridge.
SV. Traffic over bridge.
SV. Policeman checking cars as they pass.
CU. Policeman in car- with radio etc.,
LV. Traffic on bridge- horse and cart stopped in distance.
S.V. Horse-pan to policemen summoning horse driver. (Traffic offenders are fined on the spot as you see this peasant is paying money for taking his horse and cart over the bridge at the wrong time.)
CU. Money being paid for fine-pan up to driver type.
LV. Market place (Black Market at work here) This is the Cuiuchy Open Black Market where presents and goods from the West are sold for sums, sometimes 20 times over their value.
CU Pan-various presents to old lady type holding up plates.
SCU. Perfume and face powder for sale-pan to woman having meal of soup (poor quality)
LV. People looking at clothes for sale.
SV. Suits hanging up for sale. (Suite ranging in price from GBP40 to GBP80 are sold.. GBP1-60-slotys- an average wage is 2,000 slt per month.
Pan Shot Showing "shoe" stall. (Shoes selling for roughly GBP12 (poor quality).
CU. Expensive leather bags pandown to expensive shoes.
SV. Man at stall takes up bottle of Scottish Whiskey. (Whiskey sells for GBP6-GBP10 per bottle)
CU. Bottle of Scotch Whiskey.
LV. Other stalls in market.
CU. Wireless parts etc., on stall. (All junk wireless parts useless in other countries are treasured here.)
LV. Pan down interior of only night club in Warsaw. The one and only night club in Poland "The Crocodile" where the night-goers go if they have enough money to spare-go.
CU.Angle Shot- Pan along musicians playing.
CU. Couple dancing.
CU. Waiter-pan to bottle in ice tub.
SCU. People dancing.
SV. Couple drinking at table.
Effect shot.... Chandelier.
SV. People dancing.
CU. Sign "Students club of Warsaw".
LV. Pan down audience seated for striptease show. This is the 1st performance ever given by the Warsaw University Students of a concert party which they have just started- please note lack of props on stage and bareness of hall-no curtains etc.,
GV. Showing students on stage... audience in foreground.
SV. Girl undressing on stage.
SV. Girl about to take off last lot of clothes - but walks behind screen.
CU. Girls hand through screen beckoning etc.,
SV. Man rushes on and removes screen.
SV. Ditto-revealing girl supposedly in the act of washing clothes etc.,
SV. Students on stage bowing-pan to audience applauding.
TV. Youths and students in hall for dance (Communist Warsaw lets its hair down and the young students take to West in Jive and Rock en' Roll, first time ever filmed.
Side Angle Shot... Musicians playing Rock an' Roll.
SV. Drummer playing Rock an' Roll.
TV. Students etc., dancing Rock an' Roll.
SV. Ditto "
CU. Trombone player "
SV. Girl and boy dancing "
CU. Trumpet player "
SV. Girl and boy dancing "
GV. Re-built square restored to its former appearance as pre-war although desperately short of houses the people of Warsaw are re-building its former glory buildings in the old style, these plans were discovered after much research in archives, in bombed buildings and they have been put up to show that Poland and especially Warsaw had many beautiful buildings. It is hoped to continue the trend so that Polish people will become purely Nationalistic without any influence of other great powers in culture.
LV. Houses in square.
GV.Pan Ditto showing different types of rebuilt houses in Square.
SV.Pan Showing painting of horses etc., on house wall's exterior.
CU. Paintings on walls.
GV. People in street - pan to Russian Church in Warsaw.
SV. Steeple etc., on church.
SV. Lady road and street sweeper. In Poland everyone works, even if you may be a woman and over 80.
LV. Horse and loaded cart pass in street.
GV. Park-pan to two women seated with baby in pram.
CU. Baby in pram.
SV.Pan From baby to women seated who are smoking cigarettes. Women smoke openly in Warsaw now that the strict eye has been lifted.
CU. Polish young soldier.
CU. Polish young sailor.
SV. Group of happy soldiers passing in street.
TV. Buildings in Warsaw.
STV. Bombed out buildings- pan up to Palace of Culture building towering above Warsaw.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: These impressions and scenes of present-day Warsaw were brought back to London by VISNEWS staff cameraman, Bill McConville, who travelled to the Polish capital on April 8th on the first British European Airways flight linking London and Warsaw direct.
Of all the scenes in Warsaw today, the one most typifies present-day Poland is that of the middle-aged lady sitting drinking thin vegetable soup in the Ciuchy (Warsaw's Open Market) waiting for someone to come along and buy the cosmetics a friend has sent her as a birthday present. The people of Warsaw have no need of cosmetics - and much need of food.
Warsaw is a city without frivolity or wasted effort. The workers - and that means almost the entire population - start at six-o-clock in the morning, work until two, and then finish for the day. Eight hours is the regulated time, and there is no overtime. Much of what they produce is exported - a great deal of it to England - and what does come to the home market is much too expensive for the average pocket. There are no rick people in Warsaw - only the more successful workers. There is no "nobility" since the annexation of land and property, and the allocation of living space is universally based on family size at six cubic metres per person including children. People are tending to have large families in order to increase their "living room". How flats are going up, slowly, but there is not much money in the Government's building fund. Men and women work side by side even in the heaviest industries.
The University is crowded with State-bursared students. High n the list of subjects taught here and in the schools is English, and that, coupled with the English, American and continental films shown in the cinema and the popular English and American music played on the radio is giving the youth of Warsaw an outward look. Many would like to travel abroad, of course, but need a sponsor at the destination before being allowed a visa to leave the country.
Since the rise to power of the Gomulka Government, most people feel that a veil has been lifted in Poland. Everyone our cameraman talked to felt free to speak.
The enormous Russian-built Palace of Culture which dominates the skyline of the city of Warsaw from all angles is regarded as over-ornate and ostentatious, which more popular, and in sympathy with the resurgent moods of the people, is the rebuilding of old Warsaw from plans discovered in the archives, when the layout of the squares and houses themselves are exactly as they were over 200 years ago. Though begun under Russian influence, the people of Warsaw have taken this gesture to their hearts.