INTRODUCTION: Saudi Arabia recently launched it's third Five-year Plan, with the emphasis shifted away from roads, ports, power and water supplies to factory production to meet consumer demand.
GV & SV Oil burning off. (2 SHOTS)
GV Sacks of fertiliser moved on conveyor belt to truck at Saudi Fertiliser Plant, Damman CU sack falls on to belt. (2 SHOTS)
CU Machine cuts plastic piping. (3 SHOTS)
GV TILT DOWN Polyurethane in production at Riyadh.
GV Polyurethane blocks moving along conveyor belt into store. (2 SHOTS)
CU, SV PAN & CU Aluminum in mould, rolled into sheet. (3 SHOTS)
GV & SVs Cement mixer in action. (3 SHOTS)
GV TILT UP, GV, EXTERIOR Cement factory, Jeddah. (2 SHOTS)
SV TILT DOWN Sacks of cement loaded onto truck.
GV, SV & SCU Prefabricated blocks being made. (3 SHOTS)
GV TILT UP & SCU Prefabricated sections of house lifted by crane and manoeuvred into position. (3 SHOT)
GV INTERIOR Dairy centre Al Ghadir, men carry fodder in. (2 SHOTS)
CU Cow's face, CU milking machine attached to (2 SHOTS)
CU Milk products in plastic packages. (2 SHOTS)
CU Manufactured drinks in bottles, and mineral waters. (9 SHOTS)
CU Washing powder packets, canned meat, spaghetti, bread moving through factories. (8 SHOTS)
CU & GV Textile manufacture. (2 SHOTS)
GVs, SVs & CUs Truck factory, trucks being manufactured and driven off line. (10 SHOTS)
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Saudi Arabia recently launched it's third Five-year Plan, with the emphasis shifted away from roads, ports, power and water supplies to factory production to meet consumer demand. Up to now, the country has used its vast oil revenues to buy nearly all its consumer goods from abroad. With an eye to finding work for its increasing young labour force, and satisfying a steadily growing demand, it is turning over to make much more for itself.
SYNOPSIS: Oil is not only a source of money to pay for imports; it fuels cheap energy for factories; and extracts from the waste can be turned into fertiliser. The output of the Saudi Fertiliser Company in Damman supplies Saudi Arabia's own agriculture and contributes to the country's foreign aid programme as well.
Factory-made plastic piping, being produced in quantity to carry water to homes, hospitals, schools and more new factories. The same process produces plastic tubing, used as protective covering for underground cables.
The milky liquid is a stage in the production of polyurethane - a foam substance widely used in the furniture industry. A new factory in Riyadh is helping to produce modern-style furniture for Saudi Arabia's new homes. Another is meeting the demand for aluminum. This will go to make door and window frames fro those new homes - and a whole range of goods to equip their kitchens. Discriminating Saudis will only buy them if they are up to the quality of the best imported goods.
As the new factories go up - at the rate of about two a week - there is a huge demand for cement. Four million tons a year are being produced, using raw materials quarried from the bedrock of the Kingdom. Most of it comes from three large works, in Jeddah, al-Hofuf and Riyadh.
The country has become a vast construction site. Prefabrication is being used extensively to build houses for a Saudi population of between six and seven million - and the two million foreign workers that have come to help them. The foreigners are attracted by high wages, and in turn have forced up prices particularly of real estate.
To help feed all these people, Saudi Arabia is developing its dairy industry. Fodder for the cattle at the dairy centre at Al Ghadir is produced locally; so is the concentrated cattle feed which is used to supplement their diet. More new factories use the most modern methods for processing milk products.
Soft drinks and mineral waters - produced at highly automated bottling plants. Saudi Arabia is now making internationally-known brands of many types of goods at home: even its spaghetti is no longer imported from Italy.
Industrial development needs efficient transport. Saudi Arabia's motor industry went into partnership with West Germany's Mercedes to set up what the Saudis say is the most modern truck plant in the Arab world. Its five new trucks a day help to move new materials to the factories, and manufactures back to the shops.