Celebrations marking the 50th anniversary of the succession of Emperor Hirohito to the throne of Japan on Wednesday (10 November) were married by student demonstrations.
TV ZOOM IN TO Emperor Hirohito speaking at Martial Arts Hall with ministers including Premier Miki listening (3 shots)
SV ZOOM OUT Premier Miki leads audience in traditional cheers and Emperor bows as audience and officials applaud (2 shots)
SV Celebration 31 parade with crowds and decorated floats through streets (4 shots)
GV Crowds waving Japanese flags and chanting as they march through city
GV Crowds queueing to enter Imperial Palace and signing Felicitation Book (4 shots)
GV Left wing demonstration being held near Meiji Park in Tokyo with banners (2 shots)
SV & GV Left-wing demonstrators applaud speaker and shout slogans (3 shots)
SV Riot police standing by
SV Demonstrators doing snake dance wearing helmets and scarves (4 shots)
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Background: Celebrations marking the 50th anniversary of the succession of Emperor Hirohito to the throne of Japan on Wednesday (10 November) were married by student demonstrations.
SYNOPSIS: The celebrations were held at Tokyo's Budokan (Martial Arts) Hall. A crowd of 9000 people, including Prime Minister Miki and foreign diplomats, were there. However most opposition parliamentarians had boycotted the 50 minute ceremony and twelve extreme left-wing groups called for anti-jubilee rallies in opposition to the celebrations. Although the 75 year old emperor is held in high regard by many Japanese, the anniversary aroused less than universal enthusiasm -- largely because of the 20 controversial years of his reign up to the end of the second world war. But on Thursday it was obvious that most had forgiven and forgotten as they joined in the carnival-like atmosphere of the jubilee.
After the ceremony at the Martial Arts Hall the crowds move to the Imperial Palace to sign the Bool: of Felicitations for the Emperor and his family. Throughout the day nearly 3000 security police were on alert in case of trouble. In a nationwide telecast Emperor Hirohito said that his 50 years on the Chrysanthemum throne had been filled with sadness -- mainly because of the two world wars and the many victims it had claimed. But although those who oppose the Emperor illustrated their distaste with a demonstration at Neiji Park it was generally peaceful.
Altogether 30,000 police were on duty across Japan to guard against possible violence from leftist protesters and to check on a five member terrorist group reported to be in South East Asia. At Heiji Park 2000 people turned out. Altogether 21 left-wing groups had planned similar protests in Tokyo alone. The leftists were calling for a "desperate confrontation against the effort to justify the invasion against the people of Asia by the war criminal Emperor."
But although the leftist demonstration was a serious protest they too carried it out in a carnival-like atmosphere. Later the Imperial household agency said congratulatory messages had been received form 52 countries, including Britain's queen Elizabeth, President Ford and Soviet President Nikolai Podgorny.