INTRODUCTION: The Turkish armed forces have been demonstrating their fighting techniques in a joint military exercise near the Aegean Sea.
GV Bombs land in hills in Urla peninsula
SV Army commander General Nurettin Ersin with other airforce and navy leaders
GV F-104s flying in formation and dropping napalm bombs and bombs exploding (3 shots)
GV Naval landing craft carrying troops landing at beachhead
GV F-104 flies over sea and over landing craft
GV ZOOM INTO Troops leaving landing craft and wading to beach (2 shots)
SV Soldiers climbing cliffs
SV Tanks disembarked from landing craft and driving onto beach (2 shots)
Sv Troop transport planes fly overhead and drop airborne division troops (2 shots)
CU General Ersin looking through field glasses as parachutists land (2 shots)
SV Soldiers with field radios
SV Tanks moving through battle zone (3 shots)
CU PAN FROM Soldiers with machine gun TO troops advancing through hills
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Background: INTRODUCTION: The Turkish armed forces have been demonstrating their fighting techniques in a joint military exercise near the Aegean Sea. The three-day operation began on Sunday (24 May) with men from the country's army, navy and air forces striking against a mock invading force in the Urla and Seferihisar region of western Turkey.
SYNOPSIS: Some 2,500 soldiers from the Fourth Army took part in the operation called "First Target 81". Turkey spends a greater proportion of its national income on defence than any of its NATO allies. With 500,000 men under army in NATO after the United States. About 300,000 of them are conscripts doing their 20 months national service.
Turkey has been seeking a big increase in military aid from other members of the NATO alliance. The nation's role in defending the West lies on the opposite side of Turkey in its mountainous north-easter border with the Soviet Union. The frontier stretches for just over 595 kilometres (370 miles) and is one of the only two borders NATO member states share with the Soviet Union.
The Turkish army is considered no match for the modern, highly mobile Soviet divisions facing them over the eastern border with nuclear, chemical and conventional arms. NATO commanders have estimated it will take about 15 billion U.S. dollars to provide the new tanks, anti-tanks weapons and anti-aircraft missiles needed to modernise Turkey's military forces. And with the country's economy almost bankrupt, the money will have to come its western allies.
General Nurettin Ersin, commander of Turkey's Third Army, watched an operation conducted with precision and split-second timing. Many of the army's weapons are obstacle but there is nothing lacking in its high discipline, military tactics and skill.
The shortage of modern equipment is not the only problem. Turkish generals agree the effectiveness of its NATO role has been affected by the army's preoccupation with maintaining martial law in the country. Turkey is also involved in a long-standing confrontation with Greece over Cyprus and its forces keep control of air and sea space over the Aegean Sea. NATO's decision to pour more arms into Turkey has already led to pressure from Greece for more arms to preserve the Aegean balance.