At Merdeka (Freedom) Palace in Djakarta, June 25, Indonesian President Soekarno installed his appointed Parliament nearly four months after he suspended the old fully elected house for "failure to co-operate with the Government." The old Parliament had refused to pass the draft 1960 budget.
LS. Guests arriving Merdeka Palace for swearing in ceremony.
MS. Navy officers sign Palace visitors' book.
Secretary General Indonesian Communist Party Aidit (Centre wearing Songkok).
13 1/2 ft
MS. President Nahdatul Ulama (Islamic Party) Idham Chalid sign visitors' book.
16 1/2 ft
MS. Defence Minister and Army Chief of Staff (Gen. Nasution).
MLS. President Soekarno.
25 1/2 ft
LS. Dr. Tamzil, Secretary Presidential Cabinet.
28 1/2 ft
LS. Muslim members taking oath.
33 1/2 ft
MLS. Bali Hindus take oath.
MS. Christians take oath.
MS. Communists take oath.
MLS. President addresses Parliament.
CU. President ditto.
LS. President ditto.
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Background: At Merdeka (Freedom) Palace in Djakarta, June 25, Indonesian President Soekarno installed his appointed Parliament nearly four months after he suspended the old fully elected house for "failure to co-operate with the Government." The old Parliament had refused to pass the draft 1960 budget.
President Soekarno personally conducted the swearing-in of the new Parliament. He called on the members to implement his theories of guided democracy, guided economy and Indonesian Socialism. He also told the new Parliament that it is to follow the Revolutionary 1945 Constitution, under which the President at present governs the country, and "to work for the realisation of Indonesia's national identity."
The Parliament now includes not only representatives of the political parties in the old house, with the major exception of the big Muslim Masjumi Party, but also those of 'functional' or trade groups, representing the armed forces, farmers, women's organisations, youth, the press and others.
Of a total of 283 members appointed to Parliament, 270 were present at the swearing in ceremony. Seven of the absentees were abroad, five were sick and one will be replaced.
The new Parliament has 44 seats for the Government supporting National Party; 36 for the Orthodox Muslim Nahdatul Party, 30 for the Communist Party, and 20 for Splinter parties. Of the major functional groups, the armed forces got 35 seats, Labour 26, farmers 25, Muslim Scholars 24, and others ranging from Bali Hindus to representatives of Dutch held West New Guinea have a total of 43.
In the new Parliament, the Communists have much greater strength than in the old elected body. They now have an effective sixty or more seats when allowance is made for groups which are likely to support the Communists.
Of those taking the oath, 180 took it according to Islamic Faith, 21 according to the Protestant Faith, 3 according to Roman Catholic Faith, while four Hindus from Bali were sworn in holding sticks of incense in their folded arms.