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    One of South Africa's most noted black leaders has strongly backed intentional sanctions against South Africa.

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    SV: Kwazulu chief minister Gatsha Buthelezi.

    BUTHELEZI: "Well, as I said, that, as far as sanctions are concerned, I would support sanctions if they were to be applied by the whole international community as against bloodshed, because I believe in non-violence and I stand for non-violent change in South Africa. So, if I was placed in the position of having to choose between violence and sanctions I would naturally support sanctions as against bloodshed."

    REPORTER: "Do you not think there's a third alternative as beside bloodshed and sanctions?"

    BUTHELEZI: "Well, this is topical now, I mean, there could be many alternatives but, at present, it seems to me that the these are the choice that the world community is looking at, and, as the leader of my people, I was looking at these choices that are before us. For instance, I would say as a black leader that the majority of my people would support sanctions, an arms embargo for instance; I think that most black people would support that."

    REPORTER: "This morning the Minister of Foreign Affairs Mr. Pik Botha was quoted as saying that sanctions would in fact bring about bloodshed. What are your views on that?"

    BUTHELEZI: "Well, I don't know what the minister means. I have said that, if sanctions are applied on a selective basis, they're merely a token and wouldn't help anyone, and, at the same time, the implications of sanctions is that both of our people would suffer, particularly blacks; so that, as far as I'm concerned, I'm quite aware that there's a very high price for us to pay for sanctions, but which price we would be prepared to pay as against bloodshed."

    The Bantu Self-Government Act of 1959 divided South Africa's black African population into eight national units. The Trankei Territorial Authority was set up in 1962 and it received internal 'self-government' in 1963 as the next step towards independence, which the South African government has promised the homelands. In 1973, the Bantu Homelands Constitutional bill empowered the national government to grant self-government, at the area's request, to any African area which has a Territorial Authority. KwaZulu was granted such 'self-government' in April 1973. Chief Buthelezi has strongly opposed the homelands policy and called for majority rule in South Africa.

    Initials JS/1550

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: One of South Africa's most noted black leaders has strongly backed intentional sanctions against South Africa. Chief Gatsha Buthelezi, chief minister of the KwaZulu Bantu homeland, said that, as a supporter of non-violent action, he preferred sanctions to bloodshed. He considered selective sanctions would be merely a 'broken token' that would not work.

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