• Short Summary

    In South Africa, Lilian Ngoyi, a leading Black nationalists who was known as the "Mother of the Black Resistance" died at her home in Johannesburg on March 13.

  • Description

    SV Coffin being carried into church in Johannesburg

    GV Onlookers with "Africa Shall be Free" banners

    LV South African security forces taking photographs

    GV Crowd singing outside church

    SCU Mrs. Helen Joseph (South African Federation of Women) speaking in English in church (3 shots)

    GV PAN Mourners in church singing

    CU Dr. N.H. Motlana, Committee of Ten, speaking (3 shots)

    SV Dr. Motlana leads chanting mourners

    SV PAN Coffin driven away from church aboard ox cart

    SV Mourners singing at graveside as coffin is lowered into grave (2 shots)

    TRANSCRIPT: SEQ. 5: JOSEPH: "When Lilian raised her arms in the great Congress salute, 20-thousand arms went up at the same time and they stayed up for 30 minutes ... But she will not be here to see the victory in South Africa ... the victory that will come as surely as the night follows the day. Lilian, the road to freedom is not so long now, but is still a rough road and wins upward all the way. Lilian, you will not walk the rest of the way with us. You will not ......climb to the top of the hill with us. But I believe that you will be waiting for us at the top of that hill."

    SEQ. 7: DR. MOTLANA: "There have been many expressions lately about the need for a national convention, and I have said time and time over that Blacks of Africa have not earned the right to sit around a conference table at a national convention, and therefore, people like ourselves would not support such an idea. Because I don't see the millions I expected to see outside here; too many of us are so damned scared of (indistinct) of policeman with a camera... They are standing outside taking photographs of all of you here, to turn tail and run... You are going to have to fight and die for it, and Lilian's voice calls to you today. It's to say: 'Get off your fat backsides and stand up and be counted'."

    Initials BB/

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: In South Africa, Lilian Ngoyi, a leading Black nationalists who was known as the "Mother of the Black Resistance" died at her home in Johannesburg on March 13. She had been a "banned person" for almost all of the last 16 years, with her movements and personal contacts restricted.

    SYNOPSIS: Her funeral, held on Saturday (22 March) was a massive display of support for the banned African National Congress (ANC) and for other movements opposed to the Government's policies. Lilian Ngoyi was the first woman ever elected to the national executive of the ANC.

    Security police watched from a distance, and took photographs of the mourners. During the service, tribute was paid to Lilian Ngoyi by one of the leaders of the South African Federation of Women, Mrs. Helen Joseph.

    Lilian Ngoyi was born in Pretoria, daughter of a mineworker. She worked for a time in a clothing factory and eventually became a leader of the Garment Workers' Union. That experience led her to the African National Congress. Her political inspiration was praised by fellow nationalist, Dr. Nthalo Motlana.

    A statement, issued by the committee which organised the funeral ceremony, said the devotion of Lilian Ngoyi to the African cause "did much to rouse the political consciousness of ordinary men and women". The statement went on: "As an example of stubborn determination she had few peers". Although the last years of Lilian Ngoyi's life were spent under a banning order, she had travelled widely, particularly in the Soviet Union, China and other Eastern bloc countries, representing the Federation of South African Women. Then in 1961 came the first of the banning orders. Lilian Ngoyi died a banned person.

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