Representation of more than fifty countries gather in the Zambian capital of Lusaka this week to prepare for the biggest meeting of Heads of State and Government ever held.
GV PAN Conference site Lusaka 1970. GV Two men pointing, LV Men working on site.
GV Conference hall, Bandung 1954. GV INT. Delegates, CU Chou en Lai (LEFT) CU Japanese sign PAN TO delegate, LV Sukarno enters conference.
LV Delegates at 1961 conference in Belgrade CU Nasser seated, SCU Makarios sits, CU Cuba delegate, PAN TO Ceylon delegate, CU Tunisian delegate, CU Nehru talking-CU Tito.
GV INT. 1969 Preliminary conference in Belgrade. GV PAN Delegates, GVS Delegates talking.
SLV President Tito down from plane greeted by Nasser (Cairo 1970) CU Flag. SV Tito and Nasser standing
SLV Reception for Tito in Addis Ababa 1970 SLV Emperor reads speech, LV Ditto & Tito reads speech. CU Tito and Emperor toast each other.
Dar-es-Salaam 1970. Delegates into conference hall. GV INT. Delegates seated. CU Chairman. GV Onlookers. TV Delegates.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: Representation of more than fifty countries gather in the Zambian capital of Lusaka this week to prepare for the biggest meeting of Heads of State and Government ever held. On September 6 and 7 the Foreign Ministers of the world's non-aligned nations will meet to pave the way for a summit meeting of the Heads of State between the 8th and 10th.
Thirteen Presidents, ten Prime Ministers, an Emperor and a King from Africa, Asia, the Middle East and the Caribbean have so far announced their intention to lead their countries' delegations. Along with a host of Vice-Presidents and Deputy Premiers, they will seek to agree on the role of independent minded states in a world that has changed dramatically since the last non-aligned summit in 1964.
Non-alignment was conceived at the height of the Soviet-Western cold war, and no longer means a simple determination to keep out of a struggle that threatened to embroil the world. Small nations acting collectively have become a force to be reckoned with at the United Nations and most want to direct their new-found strength into other areas.
"The Third World" as its been increasingly called had its beginnings as a unified body in the early 1950's. Indonesia, newly-freed from Dutch rule, played host to a small band of leaders in Djakarta in 1954. Among those attending was Chou en lai representing the People's Republic of China. In those early years it was friendship between China and India that kept the non-aligned nations together and increased their strength. Developments in the late 50's and early 60's saw the emphasis swing towards Yugoslavia. With Egypt adding support, another conference was held in Belgrade in 1964.
Since then the one person who has played the largest part in keeping the non-aligned nations together is President Tito of Yugoslavia. he assumed a leading role when India and Egypt were preoccupied with external problems.
The emergence of the independent African nations, many of whom were still under foreign rule in 1964 when the last conference was held, has given the non-aligned nations a new boost. Earlier this year President Tito embarked on an extensive African tour urging the new nations to attend. His idea is to weld the non-aligned nations into a strong enough force to break the hold of the two major powers in the United Nations.
This year's conference in Lusaka is expected to have three major preoccupations: the continued existent of white minority rule in southern Africa, the bridging of the economic gap between the rich and poor nations of the world, and the formulation of plans by which United Nations machinery could be strengthened in its role of maintaining international security.