Demonstrators for and against President Ferdinand Marcos clashed in the Filipino capital, Manila, on September 20.
SILVA: SEPTEMBER 20:
GV PAN Pro-Marcos marchers being jeered by anti-Marcos marchers on other side of pavement in Manila
GVs/SVs Anti-Marcos demonstrators snatching banners from Marcos supporters
GVs Banners hanging down from windows in blocks of flats. One banner says 'BOO', another says "Ninoy, now and forever" (3 shots)
SV PULL BACK TO GV Anti-Marcos protestors burning pro-Marcos banners and literature
SV Anti-Marcos protectors, including widow of murdered opposition politician Benigno Aquino (killed on August 21) in street
GV Leaflets being showered on demonstrators from windows along march
GV Tens of thousands of marchers assembled in square, with banners calling for Marcos' resignation (6 shots)
SEPTEMBER 21 - NIGH SCENES:
GV Demonstrators breaking up pavement, to throw at police
GVs Police taking cover behind riot shields, and facing demonstrators (3 shots)
GVs Young demonstrators throwing stones at police (3 shots)
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Background: Demonstrators for and against President Ferdinand Marcos clashed in the Filipino capital, Manila, on September 20. Pro-Marcos marchers were jeered by counter-demonstrators chanting Ninnoy, Ninnoy, the nickname of the late opposition senator Benigno Aquino, assassinated on his return from exile last month. Pro-Marcos banners, and leaflets, were snatched and burnt by opponents of the regime demanding President Marcos' resignation. The incident later turned into a stone-throwing battle between the two sides. One man was injured in the exchanges. Demonstrations turned to full-scale marches on the following day, which marked the eleventh anniversary of martial law in the Philippines. Opposition leaders headed the marches in a growing campaign of civil disobedience aimed at toppling the Filipino leader. Tens of thousands of people heard politicians denounce what they called the loss of liberty in the country, the exploitation of labour and the presence of foreign military bases. The United States has two major bases in the Philippines. Prominent among the crowds of students, workers and businessmen, were late Senator Aquino's widow, Corazon, and his younger brother Agapito. Aquino was killed on August 21, as he was being escorted from the plane which brought him home after three years of self-imposed exile in the United States. Shooting broke out later on, when several thousand demonstrators were met by a barrage of police in full riot gear near the presidential palace. Eye witnesses said at least ten shots were fired when police and soldiers were forced back by demonstrators who hurled paving stones and petrol bombs at them. The protestors were within two kilometres (one mile) of the palace after setting fire to government buses parked across the road as a barricade. President Marcos earlier appeared on national television to announce measures aimed at improving what he called an embarrassing balance of payments deficit, and criticised the opposition for jeopardising the country's stability. He has rejected the opposition demands for his resignation.