INTRODUCTION: Around the world May Day has been marked in a variety of ways -- with the traditional parades in Ethiopia and Nigeria, for example, and with protests elsewhere.
GV Dancers and music in city centre (2 shots)
GV Float in parade (2 shots)
SV Chairman Mengistu Haile Mariam applauding
SV Soviet military officers watching
SV PULL BACK TO GV Parade continues (2 shots)
GV Marchers in National Stadium
GVs Marchers parading to music (2 shots)
SV Government minister and officials watch from stand
SVs Marchers (2 shots)
GV Church where funeral took place
SV INTERIOR Funeral service (2 shots)
GVs & SVs Funeral cortege watched by crowds (5 shots)
CU Notice board with posters calling for boycott
SV PULL BACK TO GV Audience watching play
SVs Actors playing scenes (3 shots)
SV Workers returning to jobs
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Around the world May Day has been marked in a variety of ways -- with the traditional parades in Ethiopia and Nigeria, for example, and with protests elsewhere. Demonstrations in the Philippine held a rally at the funeral of a striker, and in South Africa students called for the boycott of a firm which sacked 500 black workers.
The scene for Ethiopia's May Day parade was Revolution Square in the centre of the capital, Addis Ababa.
Floats in the parade depicted, according to the Ethiopian News Agency, the 'formation of the party of the working people of Ethiopia, the economic development campaign, and the country's defence capabilities'.
Ethiopian leader Mengistu Haile Mariam and some military visitors from the Soviet Union watched the parade, which included representatives from the 'Revolutionary Children's Camp', workers and army units.
There was a similar theme to the celebrations in Nigeria, where the setting for the May Day parade was the National Stadium in Lagos.
The Lagos parade marked the first officially declared Workers' Holiday in Nigeria.
In the Philippines there was a more sombre mood at a church in Quezon City, where the funeral service for striker Virgilio Herbon was held.
Mr. Herbon's death has led to stepped-up demonstrations by Filipinos demanding the repeal of the government's strict labour code. They are calling for higher wages and the right to strike.
Many of the mourners who followed the cortege through the streets of Quezon City also attended a protest rally at the city's Aranita Stadium, where they were urged to boycott the country's Presidential election on June 16th. Speakers described the election as a deception aiming to 'picture the Philippines as a free and democratic country.
Labour problems also were the focus of a May Day protest at the University of the Cape in South Africa. An audience watched as employees from the Wilson-Rowntree factory enacted their working conditions.
Students at the University in Cape Town are backing a boycott of the company's products -- mostly sweets -- following the dismissal of 500 workers who went on strike two months ago.
The boycott was originally called by the South African Allied Workers' Union to bring pressure on the Rowntree management to reinstate the sacked employees. But the union, whose members are all black, is not recognised at the factory.