INTRODUCTION: French President Giscard d'Estaing sent a letter on Monday (26 January), to Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev calling for a conference to discuss an end to foreign intervention in Afghanistan.
GV Mujahideen marching with banners in Bagram district in Parwan province (2 shots)
GV Mujahideen standing outside damaged buildings (2 shots)
GV Soviet helicopter flying overhead
GVs Damaged buildings and Mujahideen rebels (2 shots)
GV Armed Mujahideen standing in group in Nejrab district
SV Mujahideen watch as Soviet transport plane flies past
GV Armed Mujahideen march along track (2 shots)
SV & GV Mujahideen firing guns in air as they surround wrecked Soviet armoured vehicle (3 shots)
GV Mujahideen marching along mountain track
GV & SVs Destroyed Afghan government building in Tagab district (4 shots)
GV Mujahideen cheering from wall of wrecked building
GV Mujahideen standing next to wrecked Soviet armoured vehicles (2 shots)
SV PAN Damaged government building in Nejrab TO Mujahideen
GV Mujahideen standing by wrecked Soviet armoured vehicle
SV & GV Mujahideen walking along hillside track
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Background: INTRODUCTION: French President Giscard d'Estaing sent a letter on Monday (26 January), to Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev calling for a conference to discuss an end to foreign intervention in Afghanistan. The French president want the meeting to include the United Nations Security Council members, as well as all countries he describes as "interfering" in Afghanistan. Meanwhile, Afghan rebels have been keeping up their attacks on Soviet troops and convoys in the country.
SYNOPSIS: This film was shot by Afghan rebels, the Mujahideen. Although they cannot hope to match the fire power of the Soviet and Afghan Army troops, they have stepped up their raids lately after a period of relative inactivity.
Here in Parwan Province, north of Kabul, a Soviet unit was wiped out at Gulbahar. During the recent increase in fighting, about one hundred Afghan soldiers were reported to have been treated each day at hospitals in Kabul. Most wounded Soviet Soldiers were being flown almost immediately to Tashkent and no longer being treated at field hospitals in Afghanistan.
The rebel Mujahideen are based in Pakistan, and cross the border to make their raids on Soviet troops and installations. The rebels are equipped with rockets and recently destroyed a Soviet AN-22 transport plane at Kabul Airport. A large number of rebels infiltrated Kabul, and killed 28 supporters of President Babrak Karmal.
The rebels have captured many Soviet armoured vehicles. One such attack resulted in a Soviet reprisal in Baghlan, northern Afghanistan. Troops opened fire in a crowded bazaar, killing and wounding up to 30 people. They set fire to parts of the bazaar, smashed furniture and took away food from shops and houses.
The increasing fighting has produced tension in Kabul. Police rioted in Afghan capital last month after their compulsory two-year term was extended for six months. Afghan soldiers who also serve two years, are being refused permission to be discharged, even if they have served six months additional duty.
But there is unrest among the rebels too. The alliance of Afghan insurgent groups formed last year to fight the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, have divided. Three of the five groups in the alliance have withdrawn their support from its leader, Abdul Rasoul Sayaf. The split divides the Pakistan-based groups of the Islamic Alliance into the so-called moderates and Islamic fundamentalists.
But in spite of this division, and Afghan President Babrak Karmal's claim that his troops had crushed most rebel forces, the fighting continues, with the Mujahideen returning to safety in Pakistan after making their attacks on the enemy.