Visnews filmed Jan 27 the Speaker of the Italian Senate Cesare Merzagora and Speaker of the Chamber of Representatives Signor Leoni at the Presidential Palace, Rome, where they conferred with President Giovanni Gronchi in a bid to find a new government.
GV PAN Presidential Palace.
LV Int. Merzagora arrives.
SLV Merzagora poses and enters room.
CU Guard salutes.
LV Press and photographers waiting outside room.
SLV Merzagora leaves room after consultation.
CU Ditto talks to reporters.
SV Leoni poses and enters room.
SV. Leoni leaves after consultation.
LV Flag flying over Presidential Palace.
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Background: Visnews filmed Jan 27 the Speaker of the Italian Senate Cesare Merzagora and Speaker of the Chamber of Representatives Signor Leoni at the Presidential Palace, Rome, where they conferred with President Giovanni Gronchi in a bid to find a new government.
The day before, christian Democrat, 51 year-old Amintore Fanfani resigned after seven months as Prime Minister of a coalition of his party and the Social Democrats. The hunt for a successor was expected to be long and probably the most difficult since World War Two.
Fanfani who was also his country's foreign minister, noted for his insistence on boosting Italy's position in international affairs, was the nineteenth Prime Minister since Mussolini's overthrow 16 years ago.
Merzagora said after his meeting with the President that Italy's political situation, already difficult, might become grave if the divided party leaders let personal quarrels and political prejudices narrow the field of choice to replace the Fanfani Coalition.
For some time Italy has been beset by social unrest. Strikes and political strife riddled the country. Last week the Socialist Party of Pietro Nenni, Communism's chief fellow traveller in Western Europe, separated itself from its longtime ally, Italian Communist Party. Fanfani's Social Democrat Labour Minister Ezio Vigorelli resigned to support Nenni.. and the Coalition foundered.
Fanfani was twice his country's Prime Minister: his previous Government - in 1954 - lasted 12 days. Since the end of last November the Coalition met defeat three times, but Fanfani regarded them as technical.