INTRODUCTION: An international conference on the future of Kampuchea began on Monday (13 July) with a fierce denunciation of Vietnam by the United States Secretary of State Mr.
(MUTE) GV PAN General Assembly with members seated.
CU Kampuchean delegate seated.
(SOUND) CU Han Nianlong speaking in Chinese and Kampuchean delegate listens. (2 SHOTS)
CU & GV Haig speaking as delegates listen. (2 SHOTS)
CU Sunao Sonoda speaking in Japanese.
SPEECH ON CASSETTE (TRANSCRIPT)
SEQ. 4: HAIG: "The position of the United States is clear. We believe that the world community has an obligation to ensure that these horrors be ended and that they not be inflicted upon the Khmer people again. The right to choose their own government and to live in peace and dignity without any coercion whatsoever must be restored and must be guaranteed. The facts of the current Kampuchean situation are not less appalling for being well known. In December, 1978, Vietnam, supported and financed by the Soviet Union, invaded Kampuchea and installed a puppet regime. The puppets are maintained in power by an occupation army 200,000-strong. Vietnam's seizure of Kampuchea poses a direct threat to the security of Thailand and undermines the stability of the entire region."
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Background: INTRODUCTION: An international conference on the future of Kampuchea began on Monday (13 July) with a fierce denunciation of Vietnam by the United States Secretary of State Mr. Alexander Haig. The conference arranged by the United Nations General Assembly also heard speeches by the Chinese and Soviet Union, Vietnam, other Communist countries, and countries like India which recognise the present Phnom Penh government. But representatives from more than 70 other nations were in attendance.
SYNOPSIS: The conference was arranged by several Asian states which do not recognise the present Phnom Penh government. Kampuchea is represented by former Prime Minister Ieng Sary, ousted from office nearly three years ago.
China regards the present rulers in Phnom Penh as puppets of Vietnam, which invaded Kampuchea in December, 1978. Vietnam, in turn, is regarded as a puppet of the Soviet Union. At the conference China was represented by the acting Foreign Minister Han Nianlong. In a hard hitting speech, he attacked what he called Vietnam's naked aggression against a small and weak neighbour and called on Vietnam to withdraw its estimated 200,000 troops within six months.
The American Secretary of State, Mr. Alexander Haig also criticised Vietnam.
Japan was represented at the conference by its Foreign Minister, Mr. Sunao Sonoda. He said Vietnamese intervention was intolerable, and he called for free elections in an independent Kampuchea.
Mr. Sonoda said he regretted Vietnam's absence from the conference. Vietnam, he said, would be unable to ignore what he called the sound judgement of the international community. Its security interests must not be ignored, he added, but Vietnam must respect its neighbours' interests.