In Managua, Sandinista soldiers and civilians alike have celebrated the fourth anniversary of the coming to power of a democratic government following the flight of former president Anastasio Somoza.
JULY 1979: MANAGUA: MUTE: (FILE)
GVs Sandinistas drive along road in trucks and fire weapons in victory salutes (7 shots)
GV & SV Crowds applaud Sandinistas, who fire weapons (2 shots)
GVs Sandinistas move in on presidential palace (3 shots)
SVs Troops raid National Guard barracks (3 shots)
SVs Troops enter home of former President Anastasio Somoza (5 shots)
JUNE 25: MANAGUA: NATURAL SOUND: (TAVERNAL)
GV Military and civilians crowd together (4 shots)
SCU Children sing and clap
SCU PULL BACK TO GV Soldiers hold banner and chant (5 shots)
GV Crowd heads off in procession (2 shots)
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Background: In Managua, Sandinista soldiers and civilians alike have celebrated the fourth anniversary of the coming to power of a democratic government following the flight of former president Anastasio Somoza. In May, 1979, after nine months of heavy fighting, the Sandinista troops retreated from the town of Masaya, 25 kilometres (15.5 miles) south east of the capital in the face of a last ditch counter-offensive by the National Guard troops of Somoza. But two months later, on July 19, 1979, the Sandinista entered Managua, to the cheers of the people -- just two days after Somoza fled the country. Firing victory salutes, as seen here in Visnews file film the Sandinistas moved in and ransacked the presidential palace and the National Guard barracks and supply depots. After 43 years of military rule by the Somoza family, Nicaragua had a new democratic government. On June 25 this year, a crowd of some 10,000 soldiers and civilians gathered in Managua to commemorate that retreat four years before from Masaya, in which scores of people died. At a meeting of the Organisation of American States (OAS) in the spring of 1979, Somoza was called upon to resign, in direct contrast to the wishes of the United States. Since then, the fledgling Sandinista government, under leader Daniel Ortega, has had strained diplomatic relations with the White House, which it accused of arming and supporting right-wing rebels in their bases in Honduras and Costa Rica. President Reagan recently announced a multi million dollar military aid plan to Honduras, where US advisers from the crack Green Berets regiment were sent to train the Hondurans.