The union of science and labour brings about the realization of scientific discoveries into practice.?
No available shotlist
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: The union of science and labour brings about the realization of scientific discoveries into practice. Science gains force when it enters the workshops of factories. Scientific ideas, engineers' projects give birth to a new technical world - the rapid work of machines, extra strong materials, automats which work faster than the mind, matters with qualities never heard of before. The advantages of the Socialist Planning Economy help to realize there ideas rapidly into practice. Moscow reflects the level of scientific-technical development of the whole country. The science of Moscow is closely connected with the industry of the whole county. 500 enterprise have established contacts with the Institute of Chemical Physics of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Academician Nikolai Immanuel, Vice Director of the Institute, speaks of these contacts. He said that recently the Institute is cooperation with the Moscow Oil Refinery had created a highly effective stabilizer for polymer materials - phynazan - which is already being produced in quantities which are needed for the stabilization of polymer products at this plant. The Institute of Chemical Physics is, of course, working not only on problems of stabilization of polymers, but also on new highly effective chemical products, among them those which do not pollute the environments. In these directions the Institute is connected with hundreds of different chemical enterprises of the Soviet Union. 800 scientific enterprises and 78 Institutes of Moscow are closely connected with production. Large scientific-production unions are being created. Thus the scientific technical revolution is being realized in our country.
Head engineer of the metallurgic machine-building Pyotr Sidorov said that their enterprise unites a scientific research Institute with its branches and two experimental mills. Such a unity of science and production allows to realize in short time scientific designs and project. All the machines, made by this union are unique. The union has created a member of major objects, among then a tube-rolling aggregate 30,102 in Pervouralsk and Nikopol. They had participated in creating a gigantic blast-furnace 3200 at the Novo-Lipetsk Plant, and a blast furnace of 5,000 cubic meters volume.
For over a hundred years physicists throughout the world have attempted to solve the problem of creating artificial diamonds. Representatives of different enterprises often visit Academician Leonid Vereschagin. This Institute is a kingdom of super-high pressures. Various factories supplied unique and powerful equipment for the Institute. In return they received diamonds, which allow to process metals and granite, and Which bore into the rich mineral resources of the Planet. At preset hundreds of factories have learned to produce diamonds themselves. One of such factories is the Tomilie Factory of Diamond Instruments.
New branches of industry have appeared out of the union of science and technique. Among them is plasmotrones. The Krzhizhanovsky Energetics Institute. In plasmotrones, where the temperature of the plasma is higher than the temperature of the surface of the sun, the chemical reactions occur hundreds of times more rapidly than in usual reactors. Small plasmotrones can replace large workshops of chemical plants.
Scientists in the All-Union Research Institute of Pipe-Line Projects have created the first in the world automatic line on which the pipes are covered by an enamel armour. These pipes of various diameter can lie in the earth for hundreds of years. Bridges, buildings and chemical apparatus, covered with enamel armour, will become practically everlasting.
The Hydroproject Institute. About 170 electro-power stations have been built in our country and abroad according to their designs. The largest hydro-power stations in Bratsk, Krasnoyarsk, Nureksk, Toktogulsk were born in this Institute.
Science and technique have unite in curing different diseases. Industry provides the most complex apparatus and medicines. In the institute of Experimental and Clinical Oncology the efforts of engineers and chemists are united by Academician Nikolai Blokhin. The cure of tumours is difficult because of a great variety of types of cancerous tumours. Different types of cancer need different methods of treatment. Therefore research work is being carried out in oncology in different directions - in surgical, radiation, and medicine-chemical treatment.
The union of Science and production is aimed into the future. Automatic control of machines and whole productions is hardly possible without new methods of obtaining information. Quantum TV is one of such methods. It is a new instrument for automatics, it is the future of cinema and TV. Gigantic screens, hundreds of hues of every colour, a very clear picture. Research work in this field is being carried out by the Lebedev Physical Institute. Every day an average 130 inventions are registered in our country. Every one of them is an absolute novelty.
Talks are being held in the "Licenzitorg" with an American delegation. A great interest for Soviet inventions is registered from business circle of all continents, said vice-chairman of "Licenzintorg" Pyotr Nomokonov. This is a foreign trade organisation, which contrary to other foreign trade organisations which sell goods sells licenses for Soviet inventions in different fields of our industry. Among the partners of "Licenzintorg" are organisations from Socialist countries, companies from Western Europe, Japan USA. Modern technological processes, new enterprises cerated by Soviet licenses are becoming more and more popular in different countries.
Moscow has become a city which has firmly united science and production for the benefit of Soviet people.