• Short Summary

    The car, after the eye, the second sense organ, very important in the system of relations with the surrounding medium.

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    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: The car, after the eye, the second sense organ, very important in the system of relations with the surrounding medium.

    Without the sense of hearing, the man couldn't develop his language, couldn't transmit to his fellow-beings his ideas, his thoughts and feelings.

    How do we hear?
    The sound waves make to vibrate the ear-drum which transmit the movement of the little bones of the middle ear: hammer, anvil and small stairs. The runner of the small stairs transmitts through the oval window, the vibrations of the empholimphatic liquid of the inside ear, exciting the sensorial cells of the cochleas. The sounding vibrations are transformed so into the nervous flux which arrives, through the hearing nerve, at the brains where it becomes a hearing sensation.

    Often, the deafness is the consequence of several diseases, like otospongy of the interruption of the wave's transmission, from the middle ear to the perception apparatus, after chorial suppuretions, In similar cases, surgery has its word.

    Besides, the clinical control, the modern of the audiometrical control, establishes the deafness degree and the place of the lesion.

    The world statistics, register at present, in advanced civilisation countries, an over increasing percentage, from 8 to 12% of the population, touched by deafness of various degrees and of various types.

    Due of the new investigation of methods, to a very sensible instrument and due to antibiotics, the surgery of deafness had already become a current practise.

    We are at "Alexandru Sahia" (named like our studio) hospital, in Bucharest operates doctor Hociot Dorin, the patient: a women since 30 years ???. Operatory field: 4 mm.

    ??? intervention is realized with the help of the microscope. The oval window, on which relies the small stairs, can be observed its anokylosing.

    The removing of the small stairs.

    May be observed the mobility of this replacer of the stairs.

    And so was given back to the society, a man. The deafness, by its frequencies remains still a social problem.

    The small stairs, the smallest bone in the human body, can be replaced by surgery, from case to case, with: polystilon tube, teflon, tental wire, the way of the sounding waves being so reestablished.

    In the cases of suppurating process, have destroyed completely the middle ear, it may be remade through various proceedings, culminating by its replacement with an artificial middle ear.

    Her is its functioning manner.

    We give here the last part of the operation: the fixing of the artificial middle ear.

    This new method of surgery, realised, searched and applied by doctor Hociot Dorin, represents a worthy contribution of the Romanian medicine, a considerable progress in the therapeutical arsenal, of deafness.

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    Reuters - Source to be Verified
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