Greek Prime Minister Constantine Karamanlis headed the dignitaries who attended the celebrations on Wednesday (21 February) for the sixty-sixth anniversary of the liberation of the town of Jannina in the Balkan Wars.
GV PAN Greek Prime Minister Constantine Karamanlis and officials descend steps of cathedral in Jannina
GV Tanks rolling past as Karamanlis watches (5 shots)
GV & SVs Troops carriers trailing guns drive past as Karamanlis takes salute (3 shots)
GV PAN Jets flying overhead
GV Troops marching past in Greek national dress
SV Karamanlis battledress pass (2 shots)
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Background: Greek Prime Minister Constantine Karamanlis headed the dignitaries who attended the celebrations on Wednesday (21 February) for the sixty-sixth anniversary of the liberation of the town of Jannina in the Balkan Wars.
SYNOPSIS: Mr. Karamanlis and officials coming down the steps of the town's cathedral. It was on February the twenty-first in 1913 that the Turkish army was defeated here, and the township liberated.
Overtures for the Balkan Wars began in March 1912, when Russian diplomats persuaded the rival Balkan states of Bulgaria and serbia to sign an alliance providing for future partition of Macedonia, then still a Turkish province. Greece and Montenegro linked themselves with the alliance and, in October 1912, the four states attacked Turkey. They gained swift victories. The great Powers held a conference in London to try to end the war, and succeeded. Then, in May 1913, the Turks surrendered most of their European territories on the understanding the Powers would create a new and independent state of Albania.
The troubles did not end there. The Bulgarians, who had suffered most of the casualties, rightly predicted that Greece and Serbia would try to carve Macedonia between themselves. In June 1913, the Bulgarians attacked the other two nations, but were quickly defeated. The Treaty of Bucharest divided most of the territory Bulgaria had claimed in Macedonia and Thrace between Greece and Serbia. Apart from determining how the Balkan States would behave during world War One, the Balkan Wars gave Greece the key port of Salonica, making it the most important power on the Aegean Sea.