President Kennedy said Monday (10 June) that the United States, Great Britain and Russia would hold a "high level" conference in Moscow soon to seek a nuclear test ban treaty.
SOF OPENS: "I am taking this opportunity..." SOF CLOSES: "...help us achieve one."
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Background: President Kennedy said Monday (10 June) that the United States, Great Britain and Russia would hold a "high level" conference in Moscow soon to seek a nuclear test ban treaty.
The President also declared that the United States would not test nuclear weapons in the atmosphere "so long as other states do not do so."
The President made the announcements in a speech at the commencement exercises of American University at Washington, D-C.The mid-morning address was carried live by the major television networks in the country.
It was understood that the Moscow conference...probably to be held next month...would not be a summit session or a foreign ministers' meeting...but rather a conference of high representatives of the leaders of the three nations involved.The President emphasized the necessity of achieving a nuclear test ban treaty...and then made his disclosure.Text of the excerpted section follows:
"I am taking this opportunity, therefore to announce two important decisions in this regard:
First: Chairman Khrushchev, Prime Minister MacMillan and I have agreed that high-level discussions will shortly begin in Moscow looking toward early agreement on a comprehensive test ban treaty.Our hopes must be tempered with the caution of history -- but with our hopes to the hopes of all mankind.
Second: To make clear our good faith and solemn convictions on the matter, I now declare that the United States does not propose to conduct nuclear tests in the atmosphere so long as other states do not do so.We will not be the first to resume.Such a declaration is no substitute for a formal binding treaty -- but I hope it will help us achieve one.