Even as it began in Lagos on Monday (22 August), the United Nations anti-apartheid conference was being hailed as a landmark in the quest by African nations to stamp out South African apartheid.
SV Andrew Young steps from plane and greeted by Nigerian External Affairs Minister, Brig. Gen. Joseph N. Garba and walks across tarmac (3 shots)
CU President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia speaking (3 shots)
CU Nigerian and Zambian delegates listening
CU Waldheim speaking (2 shots)
KENNETH KAUNDA: "The armed struggle must continue until the job is finished. Otherwise (Rhodesian Premier Ian) Smith is a tricky animal, tricky human being, very tricky indeed and we have to be very careful. So, while we are pleased that the Western powers have come to realise facts as they are, we have no room for complacency. We have got to press on until the job is completed. Because what has been talked about is after the struggle. And the answer from Western powers is now that they will not participate and this is good enough. But in terms of the struggle itself, Africa has no room for letting off, not yet. We should not, nor should it be, worth to consider South Africa as an ally in this matter, because South Africa is not an ally. And, in any case, she has failed in the past when OAU gave her the chance to participate in the solution of this problem. She failed. He acted naturally as an apartheid country, and therefore we...(indistinct)...interested in using South Africa as a third leg in this struggle."
KURT WALDHEIM: "The policy of South Africa, the policy of apartheid, is doomed to failure. I deeply regret it and I wish to assure that I condemn this policy firmly and I hope that the mobilisation of the world public opinion against this kind of policy will finally convince the government of South Africa to change it and to establish equality for people in that country. We have no executive power, so if a country or, if a group of countries are not implementing resolutions of the United Nations, we don't really have the power to enforce the implementation of such decisions of the United Nations. The only possibility is action under Chapter Seven of the Charter of the United Nations, namely enforcement actions, in the economic field, the political field, and, of course, also military enforcement actions. But this is a matter for the Security Council to decide."
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Background: Even as it began in Lagos on Monday (22 August), the United Nations anti-apartheid conference was being hailed as a landmark in the quest by African nations to stamp out South African apartheid. Chairman of the United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid, Mr. Leslie Harriman, gave the five-day conference this accolade. It's being jointly organised by the United Nations, who've invited all its member states to attend, and the Organisation of African Unity. The conference is expected to draw up a concrete with recommendations from the U.N.'s Economic and Social Council.
SYNOPSIS: A political heavy weight figure at the conference is American Ambassador to the United States, Andrew Young, an outspoken opponent of apartheid. Arriving in Lagos, Mr. Young said he hoped the conference would build an international consensus against South African policies. Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda stressed to newsmen that the armed struggle against apartheid must continue.
United Nations Secretary General Kurt Waldheim condemned apartheid as doomed to failure.