• Short Summary

    INTRODUCTION: The Amazon River Basin's territory of more than 700 million hectares (1.730 million acres) contains one of the world's great tropical forests.But the whole area in under assault by man with disturbing ecological implications.In Brazil alone, the rain forest contains one third of the world's trees and produces a quarter of its oxygen.It is estimated that at the present rate of its clearance it will have disappeared by the year 2005.

  • Description

    AMAZON BASIN & BELEM, BRAZIL (VISNEWS - BRIAN SEWELL)
    SV PAN UP Trees in Amazon jungle
    GV Trees being felled
    GV Bulldozer clearing forest
    SV PAN TO GV Bulldozer pulling clear fallen log
    GV Twigs and branches being burnt off
    GV PAN FROM Burning branches TO earth moving equipment as roadway is cleared
    SV PULL BACK TO GV Roadway through cleared forest
    SV Burning undergrowth. (2 SHOTS)
    GV TRACKING SHOT Desolate one-time forest area
    GV PAN Cleared area resembling a desert
    SV Truck taking logs to saw mill
    SVs Logs being cut at saw mill. (2 SHOTS)
    SV PAN Logs piled up at saw mill
    SCU Workers at sawmill
    SV Fork lift truck moving planks at saw mill
    SV Worker binding logs

    Background: INTRODUCTION: The Amazon River Basin's territory of more than 700 million hectares (1.730 million acres) contains one of the world's great tropical forests.But the whole area in under assault by man with disturbing ecological implications.In Brazil alone, the rain forest contains one third of the world's trees and produces a quarter of its oxygen.It is estimated that at the present rate of its clearance it will have disappeared by the year 2005.
    SYNOPSIS: The forest is one of the world's last great sources of raw material but it is disappearing fast.This type of operation is becoming all too typical in thousands of sites at the edge of the forest area.
    The trees are cut down with saws or simply pushed aside by tractors.Many are carted off to the saw mills where they are trimmed for export.In one state alone there are a thousand of such timber mills.
    Mineral development is adding to the assault on the rain forest.This swathe through the trees is being cut to build a railway for the big Carajas steel project.Unwanted trees and undergrowth are stacked and burnt.All along the Amazon rim black clouds bear witness to large burn-off operations.
    It is possible to fly for nearly three hours over what had been virgin forest only four years before and see nothing but deserts of ash.Ecologists fear the carbon dioxide released into the air from the burning could cause heating effect on the earth.And as the trees disappear production of oxygen in the world's atmosphere is also affected.
    One of the problems caused by deforestation is soil erosion.Nutrients tend to be retained in the trees themselves -- the soil is not rich and its fertility soon expires.Ecologists say the end result could be a desert.Estimates relating to the actual extent of deforestation vary.Experts say that if it is maintained at its current rate two thirds of this vast area could disappear by the end of the century.
    Here in the river port of Belem most of the wood is gathered for export.Last year nine and a half million tonnes of wood went through this port alone and that was an increase of 35 per cent over the previous year.
    InitialsJS Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA8K6K9P9N83NPIJL5UHJKDNJN7
    Media URN:
    VLVA8K6K9P9N83NPIJL5UHJKDNJN7
    Group:
    Reuters - Including Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    11/11/1981
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:02:33:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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