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TRANSCRIPT: The Moroccan Delegate: "My delegation is of the opinion that only negotiation with the Algerian will solve the problem; only the recognition of the Algerian national realities and the right of that country to independence will end the shedding of blood and will permit France to consolidate her interests and establish with the Algerian nation a new relationship based on co-operation and friendship. The recognition of the right of the Algerian people to independence is in the interests of France itself and will be quite in keeping with her traditional and liberal traditions. Mr. Chairman, gentlemen, H.M. the king of Morocco and his government have never ceased to use all their efforts to bring together the points of view there, and to seek out a just and peaceful solution to the problem for Algeria. Unfortunately, these efforts have not always been correctly understood; nor weighed by the French government. The increase in the rhythm of the war in Algeria forces us to deplore the thoughtless action of the kidnapping of the Moroccan plane on 23 Oct. 1956 which stopped the Tunisian conference from taking place and therefore made it impossible for some agreement to be arrived at between the two heads of the Algerian people and France. This was an act which was contrary to the laws of aerial navigation and therefore we could not countenance such an action. H.M. the king of Morocco in Tangiers this last September expressed an appeal that this dramatic situation which troubled peace and security in the North of Africa be ended. Then too, our Minister of Foreign Affairs, in the course of a conversation held with the French spokesman, and in a press conference in New Delhi on 24 Aug. 1957, proposed the opening of negotiations so as to avoid this painful debate in the United Nations. To our great regret our appeals to France fell on deaf ears. Even last week, H.M. the king of Morocco, and the President of the Tunisian Republic conferred in Rabat, and addressed a pressing appeal to the two parties, and I quote, 'to undertake negotiations that will lead to a just solution, and thus assure the cementing of the sovereignty of the Algerian people in accordance with the principles of the U.N. and also safeguard the legitimate interests of France and her nationals', unquote. In effect, the two Chiefs of State offered their good offices and suggested putting these offices at the disposal of France and the spokesmen of the F.L.N. and on this matter there should be no ambiguity. This is not a question of arbitration -- this is good offices, mediation. Morocco and Tunisia, friends at one and the same time of both France and Algeria, linked as we are to both these countries by ties of friendship, are ready to facilitate contact between the two parties, but obviously the negotiations must be carried out by the two parties directly concerned."
The Soviet Delegate: "The government of M. Guy Mollet, and subsequently the government of M. Bourges-Manoury, as well as the present government headed by M. Gaillard ignored the recommendations of the General Assembly and consistently carried on, as they do today carry on, a past policy of solving the Algerian problem by courses of arms in the spirit of old colonialism. The facts show during the period following the adoption by the General Assembly of the resolution of the Algerian issue, the government of France intensified its military activities in Algeria, as a result of which colonial war there acquired an evermore bloodthirsty quality. Organs of the press in the entire world have carried articles of news dispatches from Algeria listing the figures of those killed and the wounded among Algerian patriots in their struggle for national liberation, the hundreds of houses destroyed, the thousands of refugees fleeing Algeria and seeking asylum in peripheral countries. According to the data of the High Commissioner for Refugees, the number of refugees among the civilian population of Algeria fleeing from the terror of the punitive expeditions of the French army consisted in Tunisia and Morocco of approximately 300,000 persons. In a statement made to a political committee the Minister of Foreign affairs in France spared no words in trying to blacken the National Liberation Movement of the Algerian people, putting it before us as a struggle of a group of terrorists that were led only by a spirit of vengeance against France; and M. Pineau tried to assert that the national aggression movement of the Algerian people is in a period of lull, and as a result of the French pacification moves, as a whole, has lost its popular aspects. The actual utilization of the military forces in putting down the National Liberation Movement did not give the desired result.
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