Relations between Yugoslavia and Austria are becoming increasingly strained because of Austria's minority policy. Under?
GV PAN Assembled crowd on mountainside
MV Party officials on dais with people standing around (3 shots)
MV PAN People gathered around speakers (3 shots)
MV Sergej Kraigher (elderly man in middle) seated and listening to speaker
GVs people standing around listening (3 shots)
GV PAN People near banners listening
CU Speaker PAN TO GV crowd (2 shots)
If the plan passed in July can be implemented it will also mean the long-delayed fulfilment of an article in the 1955 Austrian State Treaty, which guaranteed Slav minorities dual-language signposts in areas where they live. If the signposts are put up, there is guarantee they will stay up. Four years ago Dr. Kreisky, whose socialist party came to power in 1970, made an unsuccessful attempt t fulfil the treaty pledge. In what became known as the 1972 "Signpost War" the signs were hauled down by angry German-speaking demonstrators, causing serious tensions between Vienna and Belgrade and a massive row within the Socialist Party.
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Background: Relations between Yugoslavia and Austria are becoming increasingly strained because of Austria's minority policy. Under the Austrian constitution minority groups living i Austria, such as the Slovenes and the Croats, are guaranteed equal opportunities and the right to use their own languages. But some of the 50,000 Slovenes in Austria claim they are being discriminated against by the Germanic speaking population and some have made allegations of violence against them by Austrian police. In the past three have been demonstrations over the issue in many parts of Yugoslavia.
SYNOPSIS: On Sunday (5 September) there was another at Trbovlje, a mining centre in Slovenia. The original purpose of the gathering was to celebrate the 35th anniversary of the first uprising in Trbovlje against German occupation in 1941. But the meeting soon became a platform for speakers condemning Austria.
Most of the tension in Austria is centred around the province of Carinthia which borders on the Yugoslav republic of Slovenia. German-speaking and Slovene populations have shared the region for 1300 years and there has nearly always been friction between the two groups. At Sunday's demonstration Slovenia's President, Sergej Kraigher, heard speakers attack Austria's latest attempts to ease tensions in Slovene communities. In July an all-part plan to bring peace to Carinthia was passed by the Vienna Parliament. But Slovenes have already rejected it leaving prospects for its success looking slim.
On November 14 every Austrian over 14 will answer a census to be taken to indicate everyone's mother tongue. From this the Government hopes to find out the exact number in minority groups and widen the official use of non-German languages.