A new initiative for global survival in this nuclear age was launched in five capitals around the world today (May 22).
1. VISNEWS LIBRARY: IN SPACE: GVs & SVs Earth moving over horizon. Earth (2 SHOTS) 0.11
2. MONO: USA: GV Atom bomb explosion (2 SHOTS) 0.20
3. NAGASAKI, JAPAN, 1945: GVs & SVs Ruined landscape after bomb. Bodies (2 SHOTS) 0.32
4. COLOUR: NAGASAKI, JANUARY, 1946: GV & TRAVEL SHOTS Train passing through the ruins of Nagasaki, survivors in shelters, woman with child on back GVs & SVs INT Doctors operating SCU scarred victims (10 SHOTS) 1.03
5. GENEVA, SWITZERLAND, SEPTEMBER 6, 1983: CU PULL BACK TO LV FROM Portrait of Yuri Andropov on wall TO delegates arriving and sitting in conference room (4 SHOTS) 1.18
6. USA: GV Pershing Two missile, launched GVs & SVs Cruise missile launched from aircraft in flight, flying over terrain (6 SHOTS) 1.37
7. GREENHAM COMMON ARI BAWE, BERKSHIRE, UK, DECEMBER 13, 1982: AVs Missile silos under construction (2 SHOTS) 1.45
8. GREENHAM COMMON, APRIL 1, 1983: SVs Peace protestors dancing outside base SVs Demonstrators climbing wire and into base (4 SHOTS) 2.05
9. GREENHAM COMMON, MAY 12, 1983: GVs & SVs Police removing seated demonstrators (2 SHOTS) 2.15
10. GRAPHIC CU Map of the world illustrating the five participant countries 2.25
11. TRANSEAST: ATHENS, GREECE, MAY, 1984: SCU Andreas Papandreou, Greek Prime Minister speaking (SOT) 2.57
12. PRAKASH: NEW DELHI, INDIA, MAY, 1984: SCU Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi speaking (SOT) 3.55
PAPANDREOU: (SEQ 11) "There is a breakdown of arms control negotiations and the apparent lack or real communication between East West has greatly increased the danger. My government strongly supports all possible efforts aimed at achieving an agreement which, while safeguarding the required balance of forces will allow for a substantial reduction of nuclear arms."
GANDHI: (SEQ 12) "I read somewhere that fifty per cent of young Americans believe that there will be a nuclear war in twenty years. I feel this is a very depressing thought and I can only hope and pray that they will be proved wrong. But frankly, I am deeply distressed and also astonished at the apathy which one sees, almost a resignation, an acceptance of such a horrifying event. And I think this is where some of us can help in trying to arouse people not to say, "Well this awful thing is there, we don't like it; it's going to destroy us but what can we do? I think if the voice is strong enough an more and more people join, it will make a difference."
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Background: VARIOUS LOCATIONS
A new initiative for global survival in this nuclear age was launched in five capitals around the world today (May 22). The heads of five non-nuclear nations -- India, Mexico, Sweden, Greece and Tanzania -- have policy independent of either Moscow or Washington. In a nine-point declaration announced simultaneously in the five capitals, the leaders of these nations hope to break the political impasse in arms talks by appealing to the super-powers to halt the arms race. The peace initiative has been a year in the making and its proponents hope it will mark a milestone in the bid for nuclear arms control.
The fear of global nuclear confrontation has prompted individuals, organisations and governments all over the world to take action.
The Four-Continent Peace Initiative was first proposed by Parliamentarians for World Order (PWO), an international network of legislators from 50 countries.
The spectre of the nuclear age...this vision has galvanised a worldwide movement against nuclear armaments. But it has also strengthened the super-power's determination to equip their nuclear arsenals.
The devastation in the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima showed just how lethal these products of the atomic age could be. The first atomic bomb -- ironically nick-named "Little Boy" -- was dropped on Hiroshima in July, 1945. Three days later, a plutonium-type device -- "The Fat Man" -- fell on Nagasaki. Within seconds, 60,000 people perished in Hiroshima... a further 30,000 died in Nagasaki. There, the bomb devastated an area of seven square kilometres; tens of thousands of people were completely obliterated by the force of the blast. Others suffered hideous burns and thousands more were to suffer lingering deaths from radiation poisoning.
The breakdown in East-West arms talks provided a spur for the Four-Continent Peace Initiative. Earlier this year (January) the United States hinted that it might be willing to merge talks on medium- and long-range missiles in a bid to encourage Moscow back to the negotiating table.
Moscow broke off the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) last November,saying it would not return to the negotiating table while the new US Cruise and Pershing missiles remained in Europe. It has refused to set a date for resuming the START (Strategic Arms Reduction Talks) negotiations which recessed in December.
More than 400 Cruise and pershing missiles are due to be deployed in the UK, West Germany, Italy, Belgium and Holland as NATO'S (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) response to the triple-headed Soviet SS-20 missiles. The anti-nuclear movement in Europe, spearheaded in the United Kingdom by women's peace groups and the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) waved a Lengthy campaign against the missile deployment. The fear that Western Europe could become a nuclear battleground for the super-powers urged hundred of thousands of people to protest.
For 30 years, Moscow and Washington have discussed nuclear arms limitations. During those decades, nuclear stockpiles steadily increased. The Four-Continents peace group believes the time has come for a concerted global effort to end this arms race...
Source: REUTERS LIBRARY/REUTERS - TRANSEAST ATHENS/REUTERS - PREM PRAKASH