Israel and Egypt on Monday (1 September) initialled the historic Sinai agreement, opening the door to peace between the two countries.
SV Kissinger and Prime Minister Salim signing agreement
SCU Egyptian War Minister and Chief of Staff look on
SV Kissinger shaking hands with Egyptian Ministers, Sadat looks on
SV UN representative signs
SV General Fahmi (C-of-S) and UN rep., Osman, sign
CU Photographer takes photo
GV Sadat and Kissinger at table
SV Sadat speaks (SOUND--ENGLISH)
TRANSCRIPT: SEQ. 8: PRESIDENT SADAT: "You can't come suddenly after 27 years of hatred, violation, blood, wars, bitten off. And then you can ask me to reason and economic relations or so. What I say is this. Let us create a new atmosphere. Up to this moment, both of us have no confidence in the other. And I assure you, Dr. Kissinger is ahead of time here, and there. Because of this let us create a new atmosphere and let us reach a state of non-belligerency, officially, and with guarantee. Am I to live the day you ask for I don't know. This is in the hands of both."
Initials BB/0340 MW/PN/BB/0400. 0200/0330
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Background: Israel and Egypt on Monday (1 September) initialled the historic Sinai agreement, opening the door to peace between the two countries.
Under the agreement, Israel will make a limited troop withdrawal in exchange for a clear-cut commitment by Egypt not to start another war. It also suggested that Egypt would not support another Arab country if it launched an attack against Israel.
Israel will give up the Giddi and Mitla passes, the most strategic area of the Sinai desert which it captured in the 1967 war, as well as the Abu Rudeis oilfields, an important source of energy to Israel for the past eight years.
Egyptian troops will not move into the passes. They will form part of an enlarged buffer zone in which American civilians will man an electronic early warning system, to ensure both sides keep the agreement.
Israel has already started work on its new defence line, to replace the one it will evacuate by next February.
Chief Arab opponents of the near Israeli-Egyptian accord are expected to be the Palestinians, without a home since the establishment of Israel in 1948.
President Sadat is expected to confer in the next few days with Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat.