Portugal's enlarged Communist Party has ended its four-day national congress after renewing a loyalty pledge to the Soviet Union.
LISBON, PORTUGAL (NOVEMBER 14, 1975) (REUTERS)
GV Lisbon International Fair building ZOOM IN TO congress signs
SV PAN FROM Members to Portuguese Communist Party Secretary-General addressing congress
SV Delegates listening
SV PAN FROM Congress sign TO Cunhal speaking and being applauded
GV Crowded hall cheering and chanting
SVs Cunhal and party members embrace during singing(2 shots)
GV EXTERIOR Campo Pequeno bullring with large crowd cheering and chanting and waving communist flags
SV Cunhal with Soviet Politburo member Boris Ponomarev on dais and chanting
GV Crowd cheering
CU ZOOM OUT FROM Ponomarev and Cunhal TO crowd
GV PAN AROUND massed crowd chanting
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Background: Portugal's enlarged Communist Party has ended its four-day national congress after renewing a loyalty pledge to the Soviet Union.
During the Congress in Lisbon, the Portuguese capital, the Party's Central Committee was enlarged from 36 members to 90. The Secretary-General, Dr. Alvaro Cunhal, was unanimously re-elected, and reaffirmed the loyalty of the party to 'proletarian internationalism' -- meaning loyalty to the Soviet Communist Party. The Portuguese Communists have always been regarded as Moscow's most faithful followers in Europe. Recently, they have suffered heavy political defeats in Portugal.
Dr. Cunhal also emphatically rejected any shift towards a more liberal 'Euro-communism' and attacked un-named foreign communist parties which criticised the orthodoxy of the Portuguese party and its allegiance to Moscow.
In the enlarged central committee members of the original body, who led the party underground during the rule of the right-wing dictatorship of Dr. Salazar and Dr. Caetano, all retained their posts. They also kept control of the eleven-man political committee responsible for day-to-day political decisions.
The Congress closed on Sunday (November 14) with a rally in Lisbon's Campo Pequeno bullring attended by about 15,000 supporters. Among the guests was a member of the ruling Soviet Politburo, Mr. Boris Ponomarev, whose recent visit to Britain at the invitation of the governing Labour Party caused a national outcry. It was said that Mr. Ponomarev was one of the architects of mass political slaughters under Stalin and more recently that he was behind the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. Meanwhile, Portugal's ruling Socialist party has been curbing the power of its own left wing.