INTRODUCTION: The Ogaden desert, scene of years of guerrilla fighting between Ethiopia and Somalia, is being flooded with refugees.
GV Woman with camel loaded with firewood.
SCU ZOOM OUT TO GV Woman crushing rice in wooden container.
SCU Refugees in camp. (3 SHOTS)
SVs Rice being distributed to refugees.
GV PAN People in refugee camp.
GV Rehabilitation centre. (3 SHOTS)
SV Refugees at centre. (2 SHOTS)
SV Refugee families eating and talking in camp. (3 SHOTS)
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Background: INTRODUCTION: The Ogaden desert, scene of years of guerrilla fighting between Ethiopia and Somalia, is being flooded with refugees.
Thousands of people have crossed the disputed border between the two countries in search of relief from the famine, drought and war that has wrecked their lives.
SYNOPSIS: In this camp on the outskirts of Daghabur, more than 17,000 refugees share a primitive existence. The ethiopian government is providing food and medicine for them and trying to resettle them in the south and east, where there is a more reliable water supply, but the refugee problem is increasing as drought conditions continue.
The Ethiopian government's Relief and Rehabilitation Commission is trying to cope. There is one pot of rice a day for each family here.
The government is setting up 11 settlements like this one each taking in a thousand people. The United Nations is providing 1.1 million dollars in aid for this project. Many of the people at these camps have returned to Ethiopia under a government amnesty. Refugees have come from the Sudan and the Republic of Djibouti.
In 1975 the Ethiopian nationalised land. Since then it has been setting up communal farms in the south and it is here that many of these refugees will end up.
Aid from the West dried up when the Revolutionary government came to power in 1974, after Haile Selassie abdicated. For these refugees now, there is nothing to do but wait.