• Short Summary

    Zambia has urged the United Nations to cut off oil supplies to South Africa, which it accused of fuelling the Rhodesian army.

  • Description

    INT MV: Dr. Siteke Mwale, the Zambian Foreign Minister, addressing the United Nations Security council in English.

    SV: Security Council.

    MV: Tanzania's UN representative, Salim A. Salim, speaking in English.

    MWALE: "The international community should be aware that it is an organic link between the so-called settlement and acts of aggression by (Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian) Smith against neighbouring front-line African states. Is it by coincidence that Smith's forces unleashed a massive attack on refugee camps on Mozambique on the eve of the commencing of the so-called internal settlement talks? Is it coincidental that Rhodesian forces cowardly attacked Botswana on the eve of convening the Security council meeting on southern Rhodesia? Why did Smith attack Zambia hours after the so-called internal settlement was concocted? It is, therefore, our firm conclusion that an organic linkage exists between Ian Smith's manoeuvres to concoct and internal settlement and the wanton acts of aggressin perpetrated by his illegal regime against front-line states."

    SALIM: "The intention of the racists is clear. They aim at internationalising the conflict by attacking the front-line states of Zambia, Mozambique and Botswana. And, as we have repeatedly pointed out on previous occasions, the attacks are part of a nefarious grand design of the Pretoria-Salisbury axis to maintain the anarchistic regimes, and provoke international conflagration. The dastardly attack on the Luangwa district of Zambia clearly proves the diabolical plans of Smith. Indeed, before the ink could dry on the so-called internal settlement, Smith was embarking on his age-old adventurism. First, with a deteriorating economic situation, and ever-rising emigration of the whites, Smith is now acting like a drowning man."

    On Tuesday (14 March) the Security Council declared illegal and unacceptable any internal Rhodesian agreement reached with Ian Smith's Rhodesian government. The resolution was adopted by 10 votes to none, with abstentions cast by all five Western members-the United States, Britain, Canada, France and West Germany. On Thursday (16 March), six countries proposed that the Security Council should strongly condemn Rhodesia's recent incursion into Zambia, and warn of possible punitive action if it happened again. The resolution, jointly sponsored by Bolivia, Gabon, India, Kuwait, Mauritius and Nigeria, was expected to be approved by the 15-nation council.

    Initials JS/2400


    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: Zambia has urged the United Nations to cut off oil supplies to South Africa, which it accused of fuelling the Rhodesian army. The appeal came on Wednesday (15 March) as the Security Council assessed Zambian charges that it was the victim of aggression following Rhodesia's recent raid against black Nationalist guerrilla bases. Zambian Foreign Minister, Siteke Mwale, said an oil blockade would halt Rhodesia's military machine. He also called for more material aid for the front-line states, which he described as hard-hit by the White minority governments in southern Africa. And there was support for Zambia from Tanzania's permanent representative to the UN, Mr. Salim A. Salim. Mr. Mwale was the first to speak.

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