Asia's two dominant powers - China and Japan - have ratified an historic peace and friendship treaty.
SV EXT Chinese Vice Premier Teng Hsiao-Ping, Japanese Premier Takeo Fukuda, and officials inspect guard of honour (3 shots)
SVs Mr. Teng and Mr. Fukuda walking past cheering crowd to rostrum (5 shots)
GV INT. Mr. Teng and Mr. Fukuda with Chinese Foreign Minister Mr. Sunao Sonoda after signing ratification of treaty
SVs EXT. Demonstrators in trucks driving down street as police looking on (4 shots)
GV INT. Emperor Hirohito and Japanese Royal Family posing for photographs with Premier Teng
The Soviet Union has opposed the treaty, saying that Japan will increase China's war potential by helping to modernise China's industry and technology. Soviet officials have also attacked a clause in the treaty dealing with "hegemony", or domination of a region by one country. They claim this clause is aimed at the Soviet Union. Since then, Japan has insisted that a further clause be added, stating that the treaty must not affect either Japanese or Chinese relations with third countries.
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Background: Asia's two dominant powers - China and Japan - have ratified an historic peace and friendship treaty. The ratification ceremony, held on Monday (23 October), came during and official visit to Japan by China's Senior Vice Premier, Teng Hsiao-Ping. The treaty ends 47 years of antipathy between the two nations which started when Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931.
SYNOPSIS: Tokyo gave a warm and enthusiastic welcome to the high-powered Chinese mission, head by Mr. Teng. He is also a Vice Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party, and is the most senior official from the People's Republic to visit Japan.
Mr. Teng's host for the eight-day visit is the Japanese Premier, Mr. Takeo Fukuda. The visit sets the seal on the blossoming relationship between China - the world's most populous country, and Japan - which is Asia's richest nation. The 10-year treaty was signed on August the 12th in Peking. It commits the two nations to develop perpetual ties of peace and friendship, as well as increase industrial co-operation. In Tokyo, some officials say this could be the most important diplomatic event since the end of World War Two.
The ratification of the treaty was performed at Mr. Fukuda's official residence. The instruments of ratification were exchanged by the two foreign ministers - Mr. Huang Hua of China, and Japan's Mr. Sunao Sonoda. Both Mr. Teng and Mr. Fukuda watched the ceremony and said the pact would help promote peace and stability in Asia and the world.
The Sino-Japanese treaty has provoked noisy protests in Tokyo and four right-win protesters were arrested by police. One of the four protesters tried to commit harakiri - ritual disembowelling - with a knife outside Mr. Fukuda's official residence. He was taken to hospital with injuries.
On Monday (23 October) Mr. Tong was received by Emperor Hirohito and members of the Japanese Royal Family. Mr. Teng also had lunch with the Emperor in his Tokyo palace.